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Take Old-generation Revolutionary as Glorious Example, Strive to Open Up a New Situation for the Cause of the Party and Country in the New Era

- Study of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Important Speech at the Symposium Commemorating the 120th Anniversary of Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s Birth

Submit Time:08-01-2019 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Leng Rong | Source:qstheory.cn

Abstract:

  On the occasion of the 120th anniversary of comrade Liu Shaoqi’s birth, the CPC Central Committee held a symposium ceremoniously to deeply cherish the memory of his indelible contributions made for the cause of the Party and people. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chinese President and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping delivered an important speech and called on Chinese communists and Chinese people to take comrade Liu Shaoqi as glorious example, remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind, keep pushing the cause opened up by old-generation revolutionaries forward and strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era.

  I. Study comrade Liu Shaoqi’s revolutionary achievements to keep deepening understanding of the CPC’s glorious course and strengthen the sense of responsibility for performance of the Party’s historical missions in the new era

  Comrade Liu Shaoqi strived for the cause of the Party and people all his life, and made major contributions in various historical periods including the New Democratic Revolution, the socialist revolution and the socialist construction. General Secretary Xi Jinping emotionally reviewed comrade Liu Shaoqi’s revolutionary career and splendid historical achievements and pointed out: “He meditated deeply on and made painstaking efforts for the cause of China’s revolution and building, rendered meritorious service in the fields of the economy, politics, military affairs, culture, education, diplomacy and Party building, and was deeply loved by the whole Party, the whole army and all ethnic groups.”

  Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s reputation is closely linked to the splendid history of struggle of the Chinese people, the Communist Party of China and the People’s Republic of China, occupying an important place in the history of our Party and the history of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation. From the early period of the CPC to the agrarian revolutionary war, comrade Liu Shaoqi made outstanding contributions in worker movements and the Party’s work in Kuomintang-controlled areas. He was one of China’s famous worker movement leaders and main leaders and participated in the strike of Anyuan railroad and mine workers, the May Thirtieth Movement, the Guangzhou-Hong Kong strike and Wuhan workers’ fight for taking back the British concession. This history clearly shows how the Chinese working class came onto the historical stage and became the leading class in Chinese revolution. At the Zunyi Meeting, comrade Liu Shaoqi firmly supported the correct opinion represented by comrade Mao Zedong. This history clearly shows how our Party realized this great turn with far-reaching historical significance and established comrade Mao Zedong’s leading position in the CPC Central Committee and the Red Army. During the War of Resistance against Japan, comrade Liu Shaoqi served as Secretary of the North Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the Central Plain Bureau and Secretary of the Central China Bureau, led the establishment of the anti-Japanese bases in north China and central China, took up the post of the Commissar of the New Fourth Army in the face of danger after the Southern Anhui Incident, and successfully smashed the Kuomintang’s conspiracy to annihilate the New Fourth Army. This history clearly shows how our Party stuck to the policy of independence in the anti-Japanese national united front and became the mainstay in the war of resistance. During the War of Liberation, comrade Liu Shaoqi was an important assistant of comrade Mao Zedong, took charge of formulating the strategic policy of “development towards the north and defense towards the south”, participated in and led land reform in liberated areas, took the lead in establishing the north China people’s government and put forth a complete vision for the economic structure of New China’s economy and economic development policies. This history clearly shows how our Party led the people in eliminating Chiang Kai-shek’s 8 million soldiers, overthrowing the Kuomintang’s reactionary rule and establishing the People’s Republic of China. After the founding of New China, comrade Liu Shaoqi took charge of the work of the CPC Central Committee in the forefront for long, participated in the formulation and implementation of a series of major decisions and policies, and was one of the founders of New China’s political and economic systems. This history clearly shows how our Party established the basic socialist system, successfully realized the deepest and greatest social change in the Chinese history and made great achievements in socialist construction in twists and turns. General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out while reviewing the history of the Party’s struggle at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China: “To accomplish the historic mission of national rejuvenation, whether in times of weakness or strength, whether in times of adversity or smooth sailing, our Party has never forgotten its founding mission, nor wavered in its pursuit. It has united the people and led them in conquering countless challenges, making enormous sacrifices, meeting setbacks squarely, and courageously righting wrongs. Thus we have, time and again, overcome the seemingly insurmountable and created miracle upon miracle.” Comrade Liu Shaoqi was an important participant in this glorious history and an important creator of this miracle. His reputation and contributions will be remembered by the Chinese people forever.

  As socialism with Chinese characteristics enters a new era, our Party is shouldering lofty historical mission and standing at a new historical starting point to carry out the great struggle, build the great project, promote the great cause and realize the great dream. Turning the grand blueprint described at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China into reality is a new long march. We should take Liu Shaoqi and other old-generation revolutionaries as examples, firmly establish the consciousness of maintaining political integrity, thinking in terms of the big picture, following the leadership core and keeping in alignment with the central Party leadership, inspire ourselves with a communist’s high sense of responsibility and sense of mission all the time, constrain ourselves according to a communist’s high standards and strict requirements, make efforts for progress, keep on working and strive to complete the Party’s historical missions in the new era.

  II. Study comrade Liu Shaoqi’s theoretical contributions to keep deepening understanding of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and stick to using the Party’s scientific theory to guide great practice in the new era

  Comrade Liu Shaoqi was our Party’s outstanding Marxist theorist. He thought diligently and explored bravely all his life, attached importance to combining basic Marxist theories with specific practices of Chinese revolution and construction, carried out detailed analysis of many theoretical and practical issues and put forth his own views. He was good at elevating his rich practical experience to the theoretical height to guide development of practice. General Secretary Xi Jinping incisively summarized and highly evaluated comrade Liu Shaoqi’s theoretical contributions, pointing out: “Comrade Liu Shaoqi deeply summarized and refined our Party’s historical experience in leading the revolution and construction, deeply summarized and refined our Party’s historical experience in governing the Party and country and made major theoretical contributions for the formation and development of Mao Zedong Thought.”

  Among comrade Liu Shaoqi’s theoretical contributions, the theory about Party building and socialist construction is especially prominent. He was a generally acknowledged master of Party building theory, having made important contributions for building the Party into a strong Marxist political party and consolidating the Party’s ruling position. His report on amending the Party Constitution at the 7th National Congress of the Communist Party of China fully summarized and systematically elaborated Mao Zedong Thought and made major contributions to establishing Mao Zedong Thought as the guide. His articles such as How to Be a Good Communist and On Struggle within the Party enriched Party building theory. In particular, How to Be a Good Communist exerted very far-reaching influence. After reading this article, comrade Mao Zedong praised it: This article was very well written, advocating righteousness and opposing evil. Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s theoretical exploration of the road to socialist construction suitable for China’s national conditions was also very valuable. The transition from new democracy to socialism was an earth-shaking social change. He deeply reflected on many major, complicated and profound theoretical and practical problems in this period and emphasized that we should carry out construction using methods suitable for China’s conditions according to China’s characteristics. China must take its own road and turn ideals into reality. He advocated mobilizing all initiative for economic recovery and development and gradual and steady transition to socialism. He emphasized that in the period of construction, apart from necessary national defense, all work and other construction should support economic development and focus on economic development. He took charge of drafting the political report of the 8th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, carried out systematic investigation and research on over 30 central departments, proposed views such as combining national and local characteristics, giving attention to the coastal industry’s potential while making great efforts to develop inland industry, promoting production through stimulating people’s higher desire for consumption and strengthening scientific research for adoption of the latest technology, providing important reference for the formation of comrade Mao Zedong’s thought on “ten major relations”. These important thoughts and views of comrade Liu Shaoqi are important components of Mao Zedong Thought, providing precious experience and theoretical preparation for our Party to lead the people to open up the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  The Party’s scientific theory is the essence of the thoughts of the times. After the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, socialism with Chinese characteristics entered a new era, calling for theoretical innovation and development. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China established Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as the Party’s guiding thought and successfully kept our Party’s scientific theory in line with the times. We should take Liu Shaoqi and other old-generation revolutionaries as examples, always continue to free our minds, seek truth from facts, move with the times and apply a realistic and pragmatic approach, continue to uphold dialectical and historical materialism, consider carefully the new conditions of the era and the new requirements of practice, deeply study and elaborate the times background, scientific implications, essence and major significance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, make efforts to thoroughly study, comprehend and practice it and stick to using this scientific theory to arm ourselves, guide practice and promote work.

  III. Study comrade Liu Shaoqi’s moral character to keep deepening understanding of the Chinese communists’ revolutionary spirit and the Chinese people’s great spirit and provide a powerful spiritual motivation for promoting development of the cause of the Party and country in the new era

  Comrade Liu Shaoqi upheld the principle of Party spirit strongly and gave attention to cultivation of Party spirit. With pure belief and strict self-discipline, he was an old-generation revolutionary with great personal charm and Chinese communists’ model. General Secretary Xi Jinping incisively summarized comrade Liu Shaoqi’s revolutionary spirit with “five glorious examples”, emphasizing he is a glorious example of remaining true to our original aspiration and being loyal to the Party, a glorious example of upholding truth and seeking truth from facts, a glorious example of being willing to assume responsibility and carrying out creation bravely, a glorious example of studying diligently and combining knowledge and practice and a glorious example of caring for people and being clean. Comrade Liu Shaoqi is an immortal flag of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese nation, his lofty spirit is eternal, and we should learn from him.

  Carrying forward the Chinese communists’ revolutionary spirit and the Chinese people’s great spirit is a major issue repeatedly mentioned by General Secretary Xi Jinping since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Emphasizing that we should remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind means we should not forget we are communists and revolutionaries and should not lose revolutionary spirit. General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered important speeches at the symposiums commemorating the birth of comrade Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, Deng Xiaoping and Chen Yun, very concisely summarized each old-generation revolutionary’s spiritual character and established the lofty revolutionary spirit and glorious image of Chinese communists through these imposing spiritual monuments. In the important speech at the 1st Session of the 13th National People’s Congress, he further incisively summarized and elaborated the “great spirit of creation”, “great spirit of struggle”, “great spirit of unity” and “great spirit of dreams” of the Chinese people and established the lofty great spirit of the Chinese people fostered, inherited and developed in long-term struggle. In view of the spiritual lineage of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese nation, comrade Liu Shaoqi is a splendid bright pearl. He always stuck to his ideals and faith, remained loyal to the Party, practiced his revolutionary oath throughout his life of tenacious fight and dedicated his whole life to the lofty cause of communism without reservation and the glorious cause of the Chinese dream of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation. Even in the hard years of persecution by Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” counter-revolutionary clique, he still remained true to the original aspiration and firmly said: “A revolutionary is born for revolution, dies for the cause of communism and remains true to it forever.” Such spirit of fighting for communism the whole life always encourages and inspires us. He always stuck to truth, never concealed his political views, adhered to whatever was in line with reality and the people’s interests and bravely corrected whatever was proved inconsistent with reality through practice. Such scientific spirit of seeking truth from facts always encourages and inspires us. He always stuck to proceeding from reality for everything, actively carried out work, was good at taking the whole situation into consideration and carrying out analysis meticulously in complex environment and put forward and implemented practical policies. Such spirit of actively making progress and carrying out independent creation always encourages and inspires us. He always studied diligently, was good at learning from books and practice and combining these two ways of learning and realized combination of knowledge and practice. Such learning spirit always encourages and inspires us. He always stuck to carrying out hard struggle and serving the people, remained clean and resolutely opposed privileges. Such selfless spirit always encourages and inspires us. As General Secretary Xi Jinping said, “Comrade Liu Shaoqi with lofty character and sentiment was, is and will be a glorious example that the Chinese communists and the Chinese people should learn from.”

  As socialism with Chinese characteristics enters a new era, our Party should have new images and new deeds and first of all show a new spiritual outlook. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that to realize our goals of development, we should become powerful not only materially, but also spiritually. The firm leadership of the Communist Party of China, the revolutionary spirit of the Chinese communists and the great spirit of the Chinese people are the basis of our firm confidence in the path, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the fundamental driving force behind our constant progress regardless of difficulties. We should take Liu Shaoqi and other old-generation revolutionaries as examples, support the Chinese communists’ spiritual backbone, carry forward the great spirit of the Chinese people, better build the Chinese spirit, the Chinese value and the Chinese power, provide spiritual guidance for the people and provide powerful spiritual power for opening up a new situation for the cause of the Party and country in the new era.

  The new era’s historical missions call for shouldering of new responsibilities and require correct guidance by scientific theories. We must concentrate strength to build great dreams together. We should inherit and develop the great cause for which Liu Shaoqi and other old-generation revolutionaries struggled all their lives, create glorious achievements for the new era and strive tirelessly to realize the Chinese dream of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation at last.

 


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