comments and feedback

The Great Significance of Entrance of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics into a New Era

Submit Time:11-09-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Li Huafeng and Dong Jinzhu | Source:Guang Ming Daily (August 13, 2018)

Abstract:

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in the report of the 19th National Congress of the CPC, "Chinese socialism's entrance into a new era is, in the history of the development of the People's Republic of China and the history of the development of the Chinese nation, of tremendous importance. In the history of the development of international socialism and the history of the development of human society, it is of tremendous importance." A comprehensive and in-depth understanding of this major assertion from the historical dimension will not only help strengthen the road confidence, theoretical confidence, institutional confidence, and cultural confidence of socialism with Chinese characteristics, but also help enhance the awareness of mission, responsibility, accountability and dedication of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  From the perspective of the development history of the Chinese nation, the entrance of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era shows that China is getting closer to realizing the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation. With a time-honored civilization of more than 5,000 years, the Chinese nation has created a splendid culture. China is the only country in the world where civilization has not been interrupted and has long been a leader in history. In modern times, due to the rise and invasion of Western powers and the corruption and incompetence of Chinese feudal rule, Chinese society entered a semi-colonial and semi-feudal state where China, a former great power, was slaughtered and disintegrated. The Chinese nation reached a critical moment of survival or extinction. For the independence of the country and the liberation of the people, countless benevolent people fought one after another, but ended in failure. At the time of national peril, the Communist Party of China, with Marxism-Leninism as its guiding ideology, was born. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, after nearly a hundred years of development consisting of the new democratic revolution, the socialist revolution and construction, and the new great revolution of reform and opening up, China has not only undergone tremendous changes, but also appeared on the international stage with a brand new posture. China's international status has improved significantly and its world influence has been greatly enhanced. In the interactive relationship with the international community, China has become more active and grown into an important and indispensable force for the international community. China is increasingly approaching the center of the world stage. These fully show that the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation is becoming a reality step by step.

  From the perspective of the development history of the People's Republic of China, the entrance of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era means that the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up to getting rich and strong. The founding of the People's Republic of China and the establishment of the socialist system have completely changed the state of China's semi-colonial and semi-feudal society, ended the privilege of Western powers in China and the unequal treaties imposed on China, and realized the historic transition from feudal dictatorship to rule by people. The people have got rid of the situation of being oppressed and insulted, and have become the masters of the country with a high-spirited attitude. After more than 60 years of construction, especially the 40 years of development of socialism with Chinese characteristics since the reform and opening up, China has seen significantly improved productivity, greatly increased social production capacity, enriched material products, comprehensively improved people's living standards, and globally high-ranked technological strength, national defense strength, and comprehensive national strength, making the principal contradiction change from the contradiction between the growing material and cultural needs of the people and the backward social production to the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. China has not only achieved economic restructuring and rapid economic development, solved the problem of food and clothing for more than one billion people, and basically achieved a moderately prosperous society, but also achieved remarkable results in socialist democratic politics, advanced culture, social governance, and ecological civilization, and entered a decisive stage of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. All these results show that socialism with Chinese characteristics has ushered in a new historical leap and entered a new historical era from rich to strong, opening a new journey of realizing socialist modernization and national rejuvenation.

  From the perspective of the development history of world socialism, the entrance of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era fully demonstrates the powerful vitality of Marxism in the 21st century. In 1516, the Utopia written by British author Thomas More revealed the sin of primitive accumulation by capitalism and depicted the longing of human beings for a good life without exploitation and with equality for all. In 1848, Marx and Engels published the Communist Manifesto, which systematically expounded the law of development of human society, marked the birth of scientific socialism, realized the great leap of socialism from fantasy to science, and opened up the course of magnificent development of the world socialist movement. In the past 170 years, the world socialist movement has achieved a historic leap from theory to practice and from one country to multiple countries, opening up a new era of human history and greatly changing the basic landscape and historical process of the world. However, in the development history of world socialism, the exploration of socialist construction also experienced many twists and turns, as evidenced by painful lessons such as the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe. Since the reform and opening up, the Communist Party of China has led the Chinese people to open up the development path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Especially since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, all Chinese people have worked together to overcome difficulties and forge ahead, and have achieved historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. We have held high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics on the world stage and rendered scientific socialism powerful vigor and vitality in China in the 21st century. The great practice and tremendous achievements of socialism with Chinese characteristics have shined the development history of world socialism. The entrance of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era has become a milestone in the development history of world socialism, fully demonstrating that socialism is the inevitable trend of the development direction of human society and the powerful vitality of Marxism.

  From the perspective of the development history of human society, the entrance of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era has provided Chinese wisdom for the development of human society, especially for the modernization of developing countries. The history of human society is imbued with continuous progress and development. It is the universal aspiration of the people of all countries to move toward national security and prosperity. However, the history of human society is not a history of steady development. It is always full of blood and violence, stagnation and setback. Especially since the modern society, capitalism had promoted the rapid development of social productive forces and created enormous material wealth to integrate the whole world. At the same time, it had fully exposed the inherent ills of capitalism and enhanced the dependence of developing countries on the West. After the Second World War, the developing countries became politically independent and embarked on the road to modernization. However, the results were not satisfactory, and the task of achieving common and sustainable development of the entire human society was a long way to go. Since the reform and opening up, China has not only adhered to independence and actively integrated into the international community, but also explored a path of development with Chinese characteristics with a broader road, more abundant theories, continuous institutional innovation, and constant cultural development, thereby realizing the all-round development and progress of economic and social affairs and exploring a path to modernization that is different from that of Western developed countries. The rise of socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era proves with eloquent facts that the Communist Party of China has deepened its understanding of the laws governing the development of human society and provided a new option for countries in the world which wish to achieve rapid development while maintaining independence in the process of economic globalization. Particularly, the the Communist Party of China has provided a new path to modernization for developing countries, contributed Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving complex and diverse social problems in the world, and made outstanding contributions to the development of human society.

  (Author: Li Huafeng, Director of the Center for Comparative Studies of Chinese and Foreign Socialism in Shandong Province , and Researcher of the Research Center for the Theoretical System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in Shandong Province; Dong Jinzhu, Associate Professor, Henan University of Animal Husbandry and Economy)


Related Articles