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New Thought Opens up a New Realm of Marxism

Submit Time:09-08-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Yang Jinhai | Source:People’s Daily July 12, 2018

Abstract:

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, comrade Xi Jinping has stressed in many important speeches the development of Marxism in contemporary China and Marxism in the 21st century. In his important speech at the conference commemorating the 200th anniversary of Marx's birth, Comrade Xi Jinping further pointed out that “the vitality of theory lies in continuous innovation. It is the sacred duty of the Chinese communists to promote the continuous development of Marxism. We should observe, interpret and lead the times with Marxism, use the fresh and living practice of contemporary China to push forward the development of Marxism, absorb all excellent civilization achievements created by the mankind with a broad vision, keep to the principle of being right in reform, constantly surpass ourselves, learn from others and improve ourselves in opening up, deepen our understanding of the ruling law by the communist party of China, the law of socialist construction and the law of the development of human society, and open up a new realm of Marxism in contemporary China and Marxism of the 21st century!” Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is the Marxism of contemporary China and Marxism of the 21st century, and it has provided profound answers to many important theoretical and practical issues that have not been answered by our predecessors, and opened up a new realm for Marxism.  

Deepen the Understanding of Marxism, Socialism and Communism 

As Marxism in contemporary China and Marxism of the 21st century, the Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era has deepened the understanding of Marxism, socialism and communism, and strengthened people's confidence in Marxism, socialism and communism.  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, Comrade Xi Jinping has made many important statements on Marxism, socialism and communism. For example, at the conference commemorating the 200th anniversary of the birth of Marx, Comrade Xi Jinping’s important speech made an in-depth elaboration on Marxism, as a manifesto of the Chinese Communists to adhere to and develop Marxism in the new era. In his speech, Comrade Xi Jinping recalled with deep feeling the great and glorious life of Marx, profoundly expounded the theoretical character and far-reaching influence of Marxism, scientifically summarized the fruitful results and basic experience of the sinicization of Marxism, and further pointed out the fundamental direction of learning, studying and practicing Marxism.  

Standing at the new height of the development of human history in the 21st century, we deeply feel that Marx is respectable, Marxism is credible, and socialism and communism are worth fighting for. The Chinese communists are faithful believers and firm practitioners of Marxism, and it is the sacred duty of the Chinese communists to promote the continuous development of Marxism. In the scientific summary of the long history of Marxism and the development of world socialism, we can sort out several pieces of important historical experience. First, Marxism is scientific, popular, practical and open. Only by firmly adhering to the basic attributes and characters of Marxism can we stick to the path of justice in the world. At the same time, we must keep developing Marxism in practice, and the fundamental experience of developing Marxism is to combine the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete reality of our country. Second, socialism has no fixed and unchanging set of rules. This tells us that the socialist road can have different choices in different countries. Despite the twists and turns in the development of world socialism, the general trend of the development of human society has not changed and will not change. Third, Marxism has shown for the mankind the way to leap from the realm of necessity to the realm of freedom and the way to realize freedom and liberation for the people. From the great vision of the world socialism for 500 years, we are still in the historical era specified by Marxism, and the beautiful ideal society envisioned by Marxism for human beings will certainly be realized.  

The important expositions of Comrade Xi Jinping about Marxism, socialism and communism have made clear the essence of Marxism, socialism and communism with theoretical logic, practice logic and historical logic, not only responded to various doubts of some people about Marxism, socialism and communism, but also corrected the dogmatic comprehension of Marxism by some other people. The scientific nature of Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the great achievements of socialism with Chinese characteristics obtained in the new era have further enhanced the charm of Marxism, socialism and communism. Marxism, socialism and communism have attracted more and more people in the world to pay attention to and study them, and their appealing power is continually increasing.  

Deepen the Cognition of “Three Laws” 

The Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, as Marxism of contemporary China and Marxism of the 21st century, has deepened the understanding of law of the Communist Party ruling power, the law of socialist construction and the law of human society development, profoundly the answered major theoretical and practical questions in ruling by the Communist Party in the world today, the reform and development of the socialist countries, and the development of the human society as a whole.  

To deepen the understanding of the law of Communist Party ruling power, we must answer the question how the Communist Party can rule power for a long time. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the upheaval in Eastern Europe and the collapse of the Soviet Union brought the development of world socialism to a low valley. How to solve the problem of long-term ruling by Communist Party became a major issue of the times that Marxism must answer. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, has assumed the responsibility of comprehensively governing the Party strictly with great political courage and strong responsibilities. Through years of hard work, great achievements have been made in Party building. In the course of revolutionary forging, the Party has grown stronger and shown new and powerful vigor and vitality, becoming a strong leading core for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. On the basis of an in-depth summary of the experience of the Party's overall strict governance since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, Comrade Xi Jinping put forward the general requirements for Party building in the new era in the report at the 19th National Congress. The general requirements for Party building in the new era, as an important part of the Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, have fundamentally answered how to enable our Party to stand the “four big tests”, overcome the “four dangers”, and build our Party into a Marxist ruling Party always marching at the front of the era, sincerely supported by the people, bold of making self-revolution, able to stand all kinds of tests, and full of vigor and vitality. This is a major development of the Marxist theory on the construction of ruling Party.  

To deepen our understanding of the law of socialist construction, we must answer the question of how socialist countries should reform and develop. There are other socialist countries and many developing countries in the world today. The major problem faced by many countries is that they have been lingering in the transition stage for a long time, and their development has been slow or even stagnant. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, as the socialism with Chinese characteristics enters a new era, the Chinese nation has achieved a tremendous transformation from growing rich to becoming strong. In Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, it has been made clear that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era is that between the people's ever-growing need for a better life and the unbalanced and inadequate development. To grasp the practical requirements in response to changes in the principal contradiction facing Chinese society, it is necessary to integrate the overall development of people with the progress of society in all aspects, implement the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged comprehensive strategy, raise the level of material, political, cultural and ethical, social, and ecological advancement of our country in every dimension, and endeavor to enable our people to enjoy a better life. The CPC has the determination, confidence and wisdom to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, to ensure that the huge ship of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will sail forward in the correct direction, thus providing experience that can be referenced by other socialist countries and many developing countries.  

To deepen our understanding of the law of human society development, we must answer the question how human society develops and progresses. In many aspects, the Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era has provided answers how to deal with the risks and challenges faced by human society, and how to promote the development and progress of human society, deepening our understanding of the development law of the human society. For example, Comrade Xi Jinping’s thought on building a modern economic system and promoting the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening up has deepened the understanding of the laws of change in and modernization of the economic structure of human society. The practice of China's integration into economic globalization has changed the face of the country and the national mentality, and also provided a useful reference for other countries. Another example, the Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era adheres to the harmonious coexistence of man and nature, takes the ecological development as the millennium plan for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, and emphasizes that we must build up and practice the idea that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets. The thought of harmonious coexistence between man and nature has profoundly revealed the law of human social development and is of great significance to the sustainable development of human society.  

Deepen the Understanding of the Future and Destiny of Mankind 

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, Comrade Xi Jinping has talked about building a community with a shared future for mankind on several important occasions at home and abroad, and made in-depth exposition of its rich connotation and practical path, producing wide influence in the international community. The idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind is an important part of Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. It has clearly answered important questions such as where the world is going and where China is going as it becomes developed, offering Chinese wisdom and plan for solving the problem of global governance. The idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind has inherited and developed the thought of community of Marx and Engels, which is one of the latest achievements of the sinicization of Marxism and has opened up a new realm of Marxism.  

Comrade Xi Jinping, in his important speech at the conference commemorating the 200th anniversary of the birth of Marx, pointed out that: “we must stand in the perspective of world history to view the development trend and the major problems facing the world today, adhere to the path of peaceful development, adhere to an independent foreign policy of peace, adhere to the win-win strategy of opening up, continue to expand cooperation with countries around the world, actively participated in global governance, realize win-win cooperation and common development in more areas and at higher level, without depending on others and even less plundering others; we will make joint efforts with the people of all countries to build a community with a shared future for mankind, to build the world more beautiful.” The idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind is based on answering the question of where human society is headed. It echoes the concept of peace, development, cooperation and win-win progress, and is linked to the construction of Belt and Road. It is not only the direction of future development, but also has the concrete grasp to steadily push forward it at present. In order to implement the idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind, our Party has put forward a series of major measures, work arrangements and work requirements.  

Starting from the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, Comrade Xi Jinping has made many important statements on promoting reform of the global governance system. For example, in recent years, economic globalization has experienced twists and turns, trade protectionism has risen, and the undercurrent of counter-globalization has been surging. At this critical moment, Comrade Xi Jinping delivered important speeches many times, systematically expounding China’s understanding of economic globalization, and responding to concerns about economic globalization in the international society. This reflects the deep thinking of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people on the world development and human destiny, and has provided the Chinese plan and contributed Chinese wisdom to guide the healthy development of economic globalization. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out that China will continue to play the role of a responsible big country, actively participate in the reform and development of the global governance system, and continuously contribute China's wisdom and strength. At the 18th Meeting of the Council of Heads of Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, he made in-depth analysis of the general situation of the world today and the trend of the times, emphasized adhering to the “Shanghai Spirit” of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respecting for diverse civilizations and pursuing for common development, and clearly stated that we should follow the principle of development, security, cooperation, civilization and global governance in the current era.  

The idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind has profoundly reflected the aspirations of people around the world, and has been highly praised and warmly responded by the international community. It has been written many times into documents of the UN General Assembly, the UN Security Council, the UN Human Rights Council and the UN Commission for Social Development on many occasions. The idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind has transcended the mainstream theories on international relations in the west. It has great theoretical significance and practical value, and will vigorously promote the lofty cause of peace and development of the mankind and further demonstrate the scientific nature and truth of Marxism in contemporary Chinese and Marxism of the 21st century.  


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