comments and feedback

The Distinctive Features of Reform and Opening up in the New Era

Submit Time:09-08-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author: | Source:Guangming Daily (July 16, 2018)

Abstract:

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, General Secretary Xi Jinping, with extraordinary political wisdom and historical responsibility, has led the whole Party and the Chinese people to make major breakthroughs in reform and opening up, and led reform and opening up to a new realm and displayed new characteristics.  

Determine the Nature of Reform and Opening up as a Great Revolution 

In the Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform adopted at the Third Plenum of the 18th CPC Central Committee, it was made clear from the very beginning: “Reform and opening up is a new, great revolution, in which the Communist Party of China (CPC) leads people of all ethnic groups to carry out in the new era.” It has enriched the thinking “Reform is revolution” by determining the nature of reform as “a new great revolution”, and at the level of the philosophy of Marxist social revolution, we have clearly understood the nature of reform and opening up, and firmly grasped the correct direction of reform. This means that we should adhere to the reform orientation of socialist market economy, further emancipate the mind and set free and develop social productive force, set free and enhance the social vitality and firmly break down the institutional and mechanism malpractices in all aspects with completing and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and pushing forward the modernization of national governance system and capability as the main target, and promoting social fairness and justice and enhancing the welfare of the people as the starting point and objective, and endeavor to open up wider prospects for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The nature and direction of reform and opening up determine the fate of contemporary China. We are constantly advancing reform, not because the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is not good, instead, we need to improve the cause of the party and the people by eliminating the institutional and mechanism malpractices and improving and developing the socialist system. It is a dead end to refuse reform and opening up, and it is also a dead end to practice “reform and opening up” which negates the direction of socialism.  

Promote Reform and Opening up Through Self-Revolution 

“To forge iron, one must be strong”. The advanced degree and historical height reached by the self-revolution determine the practical depth and historical achievements that the new great revolution can achieve. It is the distinctive character of the CPC that distinguishes it from other political parties to have the courage to make self-revolution and to govern the Party strictly.  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has been brave enough to face up to problems and have the courage to scrape bones to eliminate poison, making our character of governing the Party strictly more eye-catching. The self-revolution has strengthened the Party's revolutionary character and strengthened its political leading power, ideological leading power, mass organizing power and social appealing power. From addressing formalism, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance, coping with the “four tests” and defusing the “four dangers”, to deepening the reform in all aspects and advancing law-based governance in all fields, and to the innovative, coordinated, green, open and sharing concept of development, and in all aspects of reform, development and stability, of internal administration, foreign affairs and national defence, and of the governance of the Party, the state and the army, our party has played very well the core role of leadership for overall coordination and commanding the whole situation, so as to solve a lot of difficult problems that we wanted to solve but remained unsolved over a long time, and fulfilled many major tasks we wanted to do but did not succeed in the past, as a result historic changes have taken place in the cause of the Party and state, major achievements have been obtained in the socialism with Chinese characteristics, realizing mutual connection and promotion in “outstanding achievements in governing the Party strictly in all aspects” and “achieving major breakthroughs in comprehensively deepening reform”. This distinctive feature of reform and opening up in the new era is witnesses by all both within and outside the Party and at home and abroad.  

Plan the Reform and Opening up Based on the Principal Contradiction 

The history of reform and opening up is a history of recognizing and resolving principal social contradictions in China. The transformation of the principal contradiction in society is not only a reflection of the achievements of reform and opening up, but also means that reform and opening up in the new era face new tasks and challenges.  

It is stressed in the report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC that, “the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society represents a historic shift that affects the whole landscape and that creates many new demands for the work of the Party and the country”. It is from this strategic height that our Party has planned the reform and opening up as a whole on the basis of the historical changes of the principal contradiction in society, to change the object of the new great revolution of reform and opening up from “backward social production” to “unbalanced and inadequate development”, the value target of reform and opening up from “material and cultural needs” to “a better life”, to implement the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged comprehensive strategy, and meet the ever-growing needs of the people in material and cultural life, and on aspects of democracy, rule of law, fairness and justice, security and environment. The distinctive feature of planning the reform and opening up as a whole on the basis of the principal contradiction reflects the major methodology the unification of epistemology and practice of Marxism and the fundamental value of “people as the center” in Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.  

Plan Reform and Opening up with Problems as Orientation 

“Reform has been driven by problems and also deepened in the process of solving them.” Enhancing the awareness of problems and strengthening the orientation by problems are important ways of thinking and working for General Secretary Xi Jinping in governing the country, and also a distinctive feature in comprehensively deepening reform in the new era.  

China is now at the critical juncture of climbing a camp in development, and has entered a crucial period of development and reform with many prominent contradictions. Many problems are interwoven and overlapping. To comprehensively deepen reform, we need to address many deep-seated problems difficult to solve and related to many aspects. Therefore, the reform of the new era has always been permeated with distinct problem consciousness and problem orientation, opening and creative work is required to refuse contradictions and solve problems, and efforts must be made continually and accurately on contradictions at deep levels and main and difficult problems. We have launched over 1500 reform measures, cancelled and delegated authority for over 610 administrative review and approval items, and cleared up and formalized over 320 administrative review and approval intermediate service items, to ensure the smooth progress of reform and implementation of various reform tasks. Marx pointed out, “a problem is a slogan of the times, and it is the most practical voice to express its mental state”. Much can be accomplished in the reform on the new journey, so we must vigorously develop the problem-oriented theoretical character and practical spirit of Marxism.  

Lead the Reform and Opening up with Strategic Thinking 

After the start of reform and opening up, our Party made strategic arrangements for China's socialist modernization drive and put forward the “three-step” strategic goal. As we entered the new era, on the basis of realizing ahead of schedule the two goals of solving the problem of people's food and clothing and the living standard of the people having reached a well-off level as a whole, the 19th National Congress of the CPC made new top-level design for pushing forward the socialist modernization drive in China in the new era, and put forward a two-step strategic arrangement to complete the building of a modernized socialist power in the middle of this century. This has enriched the connotation of the Party's second centennial goal, developed the strategic thinking of China's modernization construction, completely plotted the timetable and roadmap to complete the building of a modernized socialist power, and endowed the reform and opening up of the new era with a new view strategically and globally: more distinctive orientation, more powerful inspiration and more determined character for continued hard work.  

More distinctive orientation lies in the scientific planning with the strategic arrangement and long-term development process of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the overall planning for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the general welfare of the Chinese people, the 30 years after completing the building of moderately prosperous society in all aspects has been divided into two 15-year periods, to lead the work in all areas and all aspects, and help forming the good situation of reform and opening up with all-round consideration and arrangement of the nation as a whole.  

More powerful inspiration lies in that the goal of a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful has strong cohesion, attraction and appealing power, and it will surely inspire the whole Party and the people of the whole country to work together with one mind and forge ahead in unity.  

More determined character for continued hard work lies in that it has taken into full consideration the relationship between the favorable conditions and development goals and between the good situation and major challenges in the development of China, and taken into full consideration the relationship between the current needs of the people and their future expectation, to ensure unification of the top level design and stepwise implementation of goal and the unification of breakthroughs in key areas and overall advancement.  

The “two-centennial” strategic arrangements have enriched and developed the important ruling experience of our Party in guiding the development of its cause with strategic goals, and demonstrated the superb wisdom and outstanding capability of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core in applying strategic thinking and making strategic planning.  

Extent Reform and Opening up with Belt and Road Initiative 

The reform and opening up has daily merged the dual mission of the Communist Party of China to bring happiness for the Chinese people and to seek peace and development for the mankind.  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the foundation and conditions of China's open economy have changed profoundly, and the interaction between China and the world has also undergone historic changes. With a deep understanding of the characteristics of the new era and a deep consideration of the general development trend of China and the world, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the important initiative to jointly build the Silk Road Economic Belt and the Maritime Silk Road of the 21st Century. This is an active move in opening up designed to bring China's reform and development into a broader international space, marking a new era of deep opening, active participation and proactive leadership. Over the past five years and more, China has focused on the construction of Belt and Road, attached equal importance to import and going global, followed the principle of mutual consultation, joint construction and sharing, strengthened open cooperation in innovation capability, and formed an open pattern in which land and maritime and domestic and overseas regions are interconnected and the east and west are mutually beneficial. More than 140 countries and over 80 international organizations have actively supported and participated in the construction of Belt and Road, and relevant contents have been incorporated into important resolutions of the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council. China has made solid progress in economic and trade cooperation. China's investment in countries along the Belt and Road has exceeded 50 billion USD, and its total volume of trade with countries along the Belt and Road has exceeded 3 trillion USD. A large number of projects for interconnection are being planned and implemented, and the people and cultural cooperation in all areas is carried out in a deep-going way. The first Belt and Road International Forum for Cooperation was successfully held, becoming a new platform to push forward global development and cooperation. Practice has proved that the Belt and Road Initiative has contributed China's wisdom and scheme, initiated a new practice of opening up and development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and demonstrated confidence in the path, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics.  

(Author: Beijing Research Center on Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era   Written by: Wu Yilin)


Related Articles