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The Vibrant Marxism in China Today

Submit Time:30-07-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author: | Source:Guangming Daily (June 27, 2018)

Abstract:

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in his important speech at the conference marking the 200th anniversary of the birth of Karl Marx that "two centuries on, despite huge and profound changes in human society, the theory of Marx still shines with the brilliant light of truth." The most valuable spiritual assets that Marx left to us is the scientific theory named after him—Marxism. Marxism is the foundation on which the Communist Party of China (CPC) is built. The Party firmly carves Marxism on its banner, always follows it to observe and analyze the development course of society and history, and carries on and enriches the theory in its practice, thus capable of making it the strong spiritual weapon for the Chinese revolution, construction and reform. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era ("Xi Jinping Thought" or "Xi's Thought") sticks to knowing and changing the world with the dialectical and historical materialist views and methods, and keeps at comprehending and solving problems with the Marxist stance, views and methods. Xi's thought not only accords with the spiritual essence and living soul of the time-honored Marxism, but also develops Marxism to adapt it to the new historical circumstances. Xi's Thought carries on and fosters Marxism. The two are highly consistent in terms of theoretical features and characters.  

Xi's Thought preserves the scientificity of Marxism. His thought profoundly conforms to Marxism in the following aspects: the materiality of the world and laws that underlie its development; the natural and historical features revealed by the development of human society and laws contained thereof; the laws that underpins the liberation and free, full development of humans; and the nature of comprehension and the laws governing its evolution. On this basis, it deepens the understanding of the laws that underlie governance of the Communist Party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society. The proposal of the overall requirements for Party building in the new era signals that the Party's comprehension for the laws that underlie the governance of the Community Party has reached a new height. Xi also judged and expounded the new historic juncture in China's development and the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the Thought. Based on the in-depth comprehension and provision of historical materialism for the characteristics of the times, he has deepened the theory on the primary stage of socialism. With respect to the development stage and goal setting, Xi's Thought manages to unify the great dream for achieving national rejuvenation and the shared ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics. According to the Thought, such goals are expected to be realized step by step through the strategically-significant high-level design, scientifically-designed routes to development, and closely-interwoven strategic deployment. It represents a further grasp of the laws that underlie development of socialism. Its prediction and perception for the world landscape, development trend and course of evolution can be seen as an employment and extension of the world history theory of Marxism today. The Thought which unifies the shared ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the lofty ideal of communism makes a new revelation about the laws governing the evolution of human society in an era where peace and development remain the call of the day and socialism and capitalism co-exist for a long period of time.  

Xi's Thought preserves the humanity of Marxism. Marxism pursues the values that stress the thorough liberation of human beings and the full and free development of humans, which determines the theory's unremitting affinity to the people. Marx is the revolutionary tutor of the proletariat and working people all over the world, and affinity to the people is the most distinctive character of Marxism. General Secretary Xi ever noted that "my governing ideas can be summed up into 'serving the people and shouldering due responsibilities.'" Just holding the deep feelings towards the Chinese people and the general workers, he has stressed the importance of achieving, safeguarding, and developing the fundamental interests of the Chinese people, in particular, those of the general workers. Xi's Thought put people at the foremost place, takes the people's stance as its fundamental footing, striving for the people's wellbeing as its fundamental mission and wholeheartedly serving the people as its fundamental purpose, and adopts the people-centric approach to benefit them. Furthermore, it advocates the shared growth through joint efforts, keeps relying on the people and allowing them to share what has been achieved, respects the people's dominant status and pioneering spirit, always maintains a flesh and blood contact with the people, sees the gains of development benefit all the people in a fair way, continues to promote the well-rounded development of humans, and strives to achieve shared prosperity for everyone.  

Xi's Thought carries forward the practicality of Marxism. The practicality of Marxism is a blend of its scientific and revolutionary characteristics. Marx and Engels also particularly emphasized that their philosophy was a theory that was rooted in, served and evolved in the practice. General Secretary Xi was quoted by saying that "Time is the mother of thought and practice is the source of theory. Practice develops no end, nor do our seeking understanding of truth and our theoretical innovation."  Xi's Thought is proposed on the basis of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, Theory of Three Represents, and Scientific Outlook on Development. It is a summary of all practical experience gathered by the Party since the 18th CPC National Congress, thus representing a perfect blend of theories and practices. Now China is undergoing the broadest and profound social transformation in the history of the Chinese nation, and it is also making the most immense and unique practical explorations through the entire human history. In the splendid, great practice, Xi's Thought keeps at proceeding from actual conditions, applying theories to practice, and examining and developing truth in practice; it sticks to make theoretical innovations based on practice and engage in practical explorations guided by theories. Apart from revealing many laws, it also proposes an array of roadmaps and strategies that fit for the Chinese context and actual conditions. It is therefore fair to say the Thought stands as an outcome of applying the basic theory of Marxism to the specific practice in China, and a unification of the scientific theoretical logics and the actual practical explorations.  

Xi's Thought gives prominence to the openness of Marxism. Marxism is an open, up-to-date theoretical system. It hasn't ended or won't end the existence of truth. Instead, it blazes a road towards truth. As General Secretary Xi indicated, "A history of the development of Marxism is the history of continuous development by Marx, Engels, and their successors based on the era, practice, and understanding. It is a history that constantly absorbs all outstanding ideological and cultural achievements in human history and enriches itself." Today, the universality of human interactions is growing deeper and broader than ever before. Countries are connected and interdependent with each other more frequently and closely than ever before. Xi's Thought is intended to observe, interpret and lead the era under the guidance of Marxism, and promote the development of Marxism with China's specific practice that is fresh, abundant and up-to-date; it is intended to absorb all outstanding civilization achievements created by mankind with a broad vision and an open mind that embrace the entire world, and ponder over and rise to a series of strategically significant challenges confronting the future development. While making new explorations and sum-ups in terms of theories, it also guides new practice with the ever-evolving theories, and tries to move with the times through the fully deepened reform. In the efforts to further the opening-up, it is expected to draw on merits from others and keep improving and surpassing itself constantly.  

Xi’s Thought aims to make the people feel happier, help the Chinese nation rejuvenate, and seek for greater peace across the world. It not only serves as an embodiment of Marxism in modern China, but also represents the latest development and achievement that Marxism has secured in the 21st century. All in all, it is the brand new Marxism in the new century. Spearheaded by Xi's Thought, Marxism has seen, in modern China, its scientificity and truthfulness fully tested, its affinity to the people and practicality fully implemented, and its openness and tandem with the times fully revealed. Xi's Thought has opened up a new realm of Marxism in China in the 21st century. In other words, Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era functions as the vibrant Marxism fitting for today's China and the entire world in the great era.  

(An article of the Research Center of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, Party School of the Central Committee of C.P.C. with Zhang Yan doing the actual writing)


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