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Making the Light of Scientific Socialism Truth More Dazzling

Submit Time:24-05-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Zheng Keyang | Source:People’s Daily (April 26, 2018)


In the report of the 19th CPC National Congress, President Xi Jinping seriously declared that socialism with Chinese characteristics has crossed the threshold into a new era. This new era will be an era of building on past successes to further advance our cause, and of continuing in a new historical context to strive for the success of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. This "means that scientific socialism is full of vitality in China in the 21st century and that the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see." In the new era, we must remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind, constantly deepen the awareness of some major theories and practical problems, constantly strengthen confidence in the path, theories, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics and continue to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics from the broad historical and realistic, international and domestic, theoretical and actual perspectives, so as to make the light of scientific socialism truth more dazzling.  

Scientific Socialism Is Full of Vitality in China in the 21st Century 

Comrade Xi Jinping repeatedly required the Party members to "remain true to their original aspiration and keep their mission firmly in mind." Where are the original aspiration and mission of Party members from? Essentially, they come from Marxism. The Party members' great ideal of communism and common ideal of Chinese socialism are founded on the laws of human social development revealed by Marxism, as well as the widespread, profound influence exerted by scientific socialism in China and in the world since the publication of Communist Manifesto. This year marks the 200th anniversary of Marx's birth and the 170th anniversary of the publication of Communist Manifesto. Viewing from the perspectives of history and reality, we can understand the great significance of socialism with Chinese characteristics entering a new era more deeply.  

The publication of Communist Manifesto 170 years ago marked that socialism became a science from an imagination, thus achieving a leap in human's recognition of the nature of the world and its laws of change and development. Since then, the broad masses have had powerful ideological weapon which they can use to change their own destiny. Though the socialism development in the world has experienced its ups and downs since the publication of Communist Manifesto, Marxism and scientific socialism have been emitting unparalleled light of truth across time and space.  

The world was in the age of imperialism and proletarian revolution in the early 20th century. With the victory of the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, the first socialist country came into the world in human history. As a great leap of scientific socialism turning into reality from an ideal, it broke the pattern that imperialism ruled the world. After the Second World War in 1945, socialism extended its range to a number of countries. It is another leap in the development course of socialism in the world, greatly changing the contest pattern of world powers.  

Like anything else, the development of socialism did not go smoothly. In the early 1950s, the world saw a fierce competition for hegemony between two superpowers, namely the USA and the Soviet Union. China and other socialist countries tried hard to explore how to build socialism in complicated internal and external environment. By the late 1980s and early 1990s, as dramatic changes happened in the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries, the socialism development suddenly got into trouble, which shocked the world. Anti-communism, anti-socialism and anti-Marxism began to tread on air. Discussions about the failure of socialism, useless Marxism and end of history prevailed. However, as time went by and history moved forward, all these arguments fell to the ground without being attacked. Why? It is neither Marxism nor scientific socialism that resulted in dramatic changes in the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. On the contrary, it is the fact that the ruling party of these countries deviated from or went against Marxism and scientific socialism in terms of guiding ideology and practice.  

Faced with the serious situation where world socialism encountered major setbacks, more and more people began to review the history and think about reality. In this process, the most impressive event is that China implemented the reform and opening-up policy and opened up a path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, thus making indisputable and remarkable achievements. The capitalist world also changed in the same period. Since the international financial crisis in 2008, China's order and western world's chaos have increasingly become an undeniable fact. Especially since the 18th CPC National Congress, in spite of more complicated international situation and floundering global economy, China has not only maintained medium to high-speed economic growth, but also become an important engine for the recovery of world economy. Various causes of construction have been advanced in a comprehensive and integrated fashion. The past five years have seen great achievements of China's economic development, major breakthrough in comprehensively deepening the reform, a great stride in the establishment of democracy and rule of law, significant progress in ideological and cultural construction, constant improvement of people's living standard, remarkable results of ecological civilization construction, a new stage in strengthening and revitalizing the armed forces, new progress in the work about Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, in-depth implementation of all-around diplomatic deployment and remarkable achievements of comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline. The achievements of the past five years have touched every area and broken new ground, and the changes in China over the past five years have been profound and fundamental. A eastern country which was one or two centuries behind developed capitalist countries has undergone tremendous changes in less than 70 years after the establishment of New China, 40 years after the reform and opening-up and more than five years after the 18th CPC National Congress. It is nothing short of a miracle in the history of Chinese development, history of socialism development and history of human social development. It is the miracle that eloquently proves the truthfulness of Marxism and scientific socialism.  

In this case, more and more people question and criticize capitalism and its system defects and think more about it gradually. Karl Marx, the great figure in history, is worshipped as the greatest thinker of the millennium. Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital become the best-seller in the world once again. Some western people propagated the so-called statements about "Failure of China" and "Collapse of China" in previous years, wishing China to follow the steps of dramatic changes in the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. Now, these people are preaching more about the "Threat of China" with higher voice. This change exactly reflects the West's weakness and ever-growing fear. It is noted that while some Western people defame and tarnish the image of China, there are some people in the world who praise that China's change and progress are "the most excited miracle in human development history," and say "we are envious of Chinese socialism," and so on. As the voice is becoming louder and louder, Western anti-China forces are unable to block or suppress it. As socialism with Chinese characteristics enters a new era, it means that scientific socialism is full of vitality in China in the 21st century.  

The Success of Chinese Socialism Has Accumulated Valuable Experience for the World Socialism Development 

First, Chinese socialism entering a new era and the national development miracle created by Chinese socialism are great contributions to the Chinese people and Chinese nation. Also, they are contributions to the development and progress of world socialism and the present world. Deeply understanding the contributions that the success of Chinese socialism has made to the world and its influences, especially the reason why the Chinese socialism can succeed, is of great importance to socialism development in the world.  

What are the contributions and influences? It can be considered from the follow three aspects at least: First, the success of Chinese socialism indicates that an eastern country with relatively backward development can change its situation, build itself into a strong nation with wealthy people and achieve national rejuvenation within a short period of time. When this good path showed up before the world, it effectively destroyed the long-standing superstition that the path taken by Western developed capitalist countries is the only right way of national development, and provided a new choice of path which can be seen, touched and learned for developing countries and those hoping to find a path to realize rapid development within a short period of time in independent circumstances. Second, the success of Chinese socialism has obviously expanded progressive forces which promote lasting peace and balanced development of the world. This has powerfully changed the world pattern where the US acted as the dominating superpower, making it convenient to deal with the rising trade protectionism and de-globalization effectively, and providing reliable support from material and spiritual aspects for building a new type of international relations, promoting global governance system reform, jointly building a community with a shared future for mankind and effectively solving global regional hot and difficult issues. Third, the success of Chinese socialism is the success of Marxism and scientific socialism in China essentially. More and more people begin to focus on, study and praise the ideology and capability of CPC in the governance of the state and the Party. In fact, this means the attention to and compliment on the superiority of Chinese socialism. Though we will not offer our development model, we will not reject to exchange experience with others in external contacts. In this way, China’s wisdom, spirit, plans and strength are provided for constant development of Marxism and scientific socialism in today's world in theory and practice.  

Why could the CPC unite and lead the Chinese people of all ethnic groups to achieve great success? Why could it make scientific socialism full of vitality in China? These involve many reasons and rich experience. But the particularly important reason, which works for long, is that generations of the Party members have always adhered to the localization of Marxism in China. Our Party has persisted in combining fundamental principles of Marxism with the specific situation in China and using them to identify and solve social contradictions in different historical periods, developed Marxism while upholding it and better upheld Marxism while developing it, and opened up good paths which meet national conditions in different periods, meet the needs of the people and requirements of the era successively. As said by Comrade Xi Jinping, "the reason why the CPC has managed to complete an arduous mission that no other political force in modern China was able to complete is that it has always taken Marxism as its guide to action, and remained committed to enriching and developing this scientific theory in practice. This has enabled our Party to transcend the limitations of all other political forces which always sought to advance their own special interests. Drawing from the scientific spirit of materialist dialectics, and from its selfless and fearless embrace, the CPC has led and advanced China’s revolution, construction, and reform, constantly upholding truths and righting wrongs." Practices show that Marxism cannot be full of vitality, creativity and infectivity unless it is combined with specific situation of the country, keeps pace with the times and shares destiny with the people. It is in this way that our Party has led the Chinese people to promote Chinese social history to make constant progress, obtain great historical leaps, and achieve significant outcomes in theoretical and practical innovations of epoch-making significance over the 97 years.  

The localization of Marxism in China is a process of struggle for the unification of theoretical innovation and practical innovation. It is definitely not an easy task. But the CPC has made it very well and remained committed to it for several decades. The main reason is that our Party has formed a complete set of excellent ideas, styles, methods and systems to advance the localization of Marxism in China. For example, our Party has always stressed that Marxism should be treated with the attitude of Marxism. The purpose of learning is nothing but application. We should learn and deeply understand Marxism during application, and fully grasp Marxism and develop it in application. We should never make scientific truth dogmatic or fragmented. Some people fall down when they learn to ride a bicycle, but they blame the bicycle rather than think about lessons or improve themselves. We should never be the kind of people like them. For another example, our Party has always stressed that we must adhere to an organic combination of theory and practice. It is a process of recirculation and constant enhancement of awareness, and a process of practicing, thinking, re-practicing and re-thinking. In this process, we have to continue to free our minds, seek truth from facts, move with the times, apply a realistic and pragmatic approach, strive to keep our subjective understanding consistent with the changing objective reality, have the courage to uphold truth, correct errors and keep improving ourselves. For example, we should learn and use theories to push forward our work and adhere to our Party’s perception of the people and the mass line, thus to ensure that the localization of Marxism in China is rooted in the people's great struggle of reforming the world. The whole set of excellent ideas, styles, methods and systems of our Party to advance the localization of Marxism in China are valuable experience in making scientific socialism full of vitality in China in the 21st century, providing a great reference for socialism development in the world undoubtedly. 

The Key of Striving for the Success of Chinese Socialism for a New Era Lies in Our Party 

The 19th CPC National Congress put forward the goal to develop China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century. It is conceivable that the Chinese nation will become a proud and active member of the community of nations by that time, and scientific socialism will certainly show more powerful vitality, attraction and influence. To uphold and develop Chinese socialism and strive for the success of Chinese socialism for a new era, the key is to strengthen overall leadership of the Party and remain committed to comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline.  

We are full of confidence in the bright future of Chinese socialism in a new era, but we will never be complacent or conceited. We know that more magnificent causes come with more arduous missions, and we need to stay confident and keep the faith. We live in a time of great progress, huge change and major adjustment. Peace and development remain the prevailing trend, yet there are more complicated and volatile contradictions in international relations and more uncertainties. Political forces which are afraid of China's rise will speed up their interference and sabotage activities against China. China's reform, development and stability still face enormous problems. Especially, there are many in-depth contradictions and overlapping new and old problems and contradictions. It is not easy to resolve them smoothly. Though remarkable results have been obtained for the construction of our Party, there are some problems needing prompt solution. In this case, our new journey for the new era will certainly face lots of predictable and unpredictable risks and challenges. This determines that we have to carry out a series of great struggles inevitably, and requires organizations at all levels of the Party and all Party members to be more sober-minded and firmer in politics, enhance their quality and competence comprehensively and better carry forward the reform spirit of Party members, that is, daring to struggle and knowing how to struggle.  

The new era brings Party members more arduous historical mission, and provides favorable conditions for us to win the great struggles. Standing at a new historic starting point in a new era, China now has better and more solid favorable conditions in terms of either material and spirit, experience accumulation or its position and influence in the world compared to 40 years ago when China just started the reform and opening-up. The most important and more valuable favorable conditions are that we have Xi Jinping thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, the latest achievement of the localization of Marxism in China, which provides a new and powerful ideological weapon and action guide for us to adhere to the right direction and deal with various challenges, and that we have Comrade Xi Jinping who is full deserving to be the core of the party, commander of the military and leader of the people since he is supported by the whole Party and loved and esteemed by the people and who leads us to continue to uphold and develop Chinese socialism as the navigator and helmsman. The two conditions are the most reliable guarantee for our Party and country to successfully deal with major challenges, resist major risks, overcome major difficulties, resolve major contradictions and secure great success with common wisdom and concerted efforts.  

 "It takes a good blacksmith to make good steel." For the Party to unite the people and lead them in carrying out our great struggle, advancing our great cause, and realizing our great dream, we must unwaveringly uphold and improve the Party's leadership and make the Party stronger. In the report of the 19th CPC National Congress, Comrade Xi Jinping described the general requirements and overall layout of Party building for the new era in a very scientific and accurate manner, deeply reflecting the laws of the building of ruling party. We should move forward the new great project of Party building according to the general requirements and overall layout of Party building and advance comprehensive strict governance of the Party both in depth and in breadth. It should be stressed in particular that the Party's political building is of fundamental importance to the Party as it determines the direction and efficacy of Party building. It is the key of leading the Party building in all aspects, strengthening political functions of Party organizations and increasing the quality of Party building. These requirements are very realistic and concrete, and must be implemented in all aspects and the whole process of Party building. We should carry out the reform and innovation in the spirit of daring to make ourselves the target of reform and solve prominent problems in the Party earnestly. To strengthen the political Party building, we should continue to ensure that Party organizations at all levels and all Party members and officials closely align themselves with the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core in terms of political stance, direction, principle, and path; comprehensively implement the code of conduct for intraparty political life under new circumstances; make intraparty activities more politically oriented, up-to-date, principled and effective; highlight political orientation and capacity of Party organizations, members and cadres, and strengthen political commitment the cause of the Party and the people.  

(The author is the former deputy director of Policy Research Office of the CPC Central Committee)

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