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Practice the New Vision for Development and Promote Solution to the Principal Contradiction Facing Chinese Society

Submit Time:08-05-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Tang Zhaoyun | Source:Guangming Daily (April 13, 2018)

Abstract:

It is the basis and prerequisite for continually advancing the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics to scientifically judge the principal contradiction facing Chinese society, and to determine the main work tasks and objectives of struggle of the Party on this basis. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, both the changes in domestic and foreign situations and the development of all undertakings in China have put forth new requirements on the theoretical innovation of the Party. Grasping the features of the times and directly facing the subject of the times, the 19th National Congress of the CPC made the major judgment “as socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, the principal contradiction facing Chinese society has evolved. What we now face is the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life”. The evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society represents a historic shift that affects the whole landscape and that creates many new demands for the work of the Party and the country. And the key to the solution of principal contradiction facing Chinese society lies in properly solving the problem of unbalanced and inadequate development with the new vision of development.  

The change of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society is the inevitable outcome of the development of social productive force. The principal contradiction in a society depends on the development level and stage of productive force. The principal contradiction of society is different in different social forms and different times. In a period after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, based on the realistic conditions at that time that economic and social development level in China was not high and the social productive force was relatively backward, the 8th National Congress of the CPC stated that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society was “the contradiction between the people’s needs for rapid development of economy and culture and the condition that the current economic and culture can't satisfy people's needs”. The Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the CPC made further refinement, pointing out that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society was the contradiction between the ever-growing material and cultural needs of the people and the backward social production. In 40 years of reform and opening-up, China has steadily solved the question of food and clothing for over billions of people, realizing moderate prosperity on the whole, and we will soon completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, people's yearning for a better life will be stronger. There are many factors affecting the meeting of the people’s needs for a better life, but the main one is the unbalanced and inadequate development. We should say that unbalanced and inadequate development always exists, but when it has become the main aspect of the principal contradiction in society after the development has come to a certain phase, we must make efforts to solve it.  

The new vision for development can effectively solve the problem of unbalanced and inadequate development. At present, the unbalanced development in various fields and aspects of the economy and society of China is mainly demonstrated by the unbalance among regions, fields and aspects, and the inadequate development is mainly shown as the inadequate development in some regions, fields and aspects. It can be said that the unbalanced and inadequate development is a problem of structure, and also one that the social productive force level is not high enough. To solve the question of unbalanced and inadequate development caused by problem of structure and social productive force level not high enough, it is clearly stressed in the report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC that we must firmly carry out the new concept of innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development. Advocating innovation is conducive to accurately grasping innovation as the primary motive force leading the development, and to solving the unbalanced and inadequate motive force for social development; paying attention to coordination is the intrinsic requirement for the sustained and sound development of economy and society, and can help solve the overall unbalanced and inadequate development of society; proposing green is to emphasize that we should firmly take the path of civilized development for developed production, rich life and good ecology, and solve the unbalanced and inadequate development faced in the construction of a beautiful China; stressing opening-up is the inevitable way for the prosperous development of a country, to solve the question of unbalance and inadequacy in implementing the win-win and mutual benefit opening strategy; and promoting sharing is to give all people more sense of gain in joint construction and sharing, and to solve the unbalance and inadequacy problem faced in common prosperity. These aspects connect with and promote each other, and this is the fundamental way to properly solve the question of unbalanced and inadequate development.  

We should make efforts to properly solve the problem of unbalance and inadequacy in further pushing ahead the development. The principal contradiction of a society is the focusing point of social development. To solve problems in social development and issue policies, the principal contradiction of the society should be taken as the base point. As the socialism with Chinese characteristics comes to the new era, with the change in the principal contradiction facing Chinese society, the connotation and main points, concepts and methods, environment and conditions, standards and requirements of development will differ greatly from those in the past, and this requires better implementing the new vision of development, and we should put forth new ideas and new measures for the problem of unbalanced and inadequate development, and make efforts to realize better, more efficient, more fair and more sustainable development. For this, General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed that development is the foundation and key to the solution of all problems in China. Specifically there are the following aspects: first, the fundamental and most basic one is to adhere to the basic theory, basic line and basic strategy of the Party in the primary stage of socialism, continually enhance the principle, systematicity, prediction and creativity in work, and better solve various problems emerging in Chinese society on the basis of continually pushing ahead development with new concepts and measures, to realize all-round development of all undertakings and better adhere to and develop the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Second, evolving round the principal contradiction of the society, we should endeavor to properly solve the problem of unbalanced and inadequate development while further pushing forward development, to energetically upgrade the development quality and efficiency, better meet the people’s needs on economy, politics, culture, society and ecological civilization construction, and better promote the all-round development of people and overall progress of the society. Third, we should energetically develop social productive force and make more and richer material and mental products. Change of the principal contradiction in society is an important feature that socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and also the inevitable outcome of the overall increase of the productive force level of China. During this period, people look forward to have better education, more stable job, more satisfactory income, more reliable social security, higher level of medical and health services, more comfortable living conditions, more beautiful environment, and more abundant mental and cultural life, they not only have higher requirements on material and cultural life, but also have ever-growing demands on rule of law, justice, security and environment. These questions can only be solved on the basis of energetically developing the social productive force. Fourth, in the specific work process, we must grasp the main points and make breakthrough at difficult points. We should implement the new vision of development in an all-round way with the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as the guidance, to solve the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era while further pushing forward development.  

(Author entity: Huaqiao University)


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