comments and feedback

Firmly Grasp the Theme of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Conscientiously Study and Publicize the Spirit of the 19th National Congress of the CPC

Submit Time:16-03-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Li Shenming | Source:People’s Daily (February 8, 2018, Page 7,)

Abstract:

Comrade Xi Jinping clearly pointed out in his report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC that: “Socialism with Chinese characteristics has been the focus of all of the Party’s theories and practice since reform and opening up began” “Our whole Party must strengthen our confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must neither retrace our steps to the rigidity and isolation of the past, nor take the wrong turn by changing our nature and abandoning our system. We must maintain our political orientation, do the good solid work that sees our country thrive, and continue to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics.” These important expositions are concise and comprehensive, and actually include five concepts: the first is the socialism with Chinese characteristics, the second is the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the third is the theoretical system for socialism with Chinese characteristics, the fourth is the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the fifth is the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The correct understanding of the scientific connotations of these five concepts is of quite important significance for us in deeply studying and carrying out the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era.  

Socialism with Chinese characteristics is a great banner that our Party has been holding high at all times 

Early in November 1920, Comrade Mao Zedong vividly pointed out: “A doctrine is like a banner, only when the banner is erected, people can have something to look forward and know where to go.” Socialism with Chinese characteristics is such a banner as described by Comrade Mao Zedong. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out in his report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC that, the theme of the Congress is: Remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind, hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, and work tirelessly to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation. By emphasizing in the theme of the Congress “hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics”, it indicates that socialism with Chinese characteristics is a great banner that our Party has been holding high at all times.  

Socialism with Chinese characteristics is comprised mainly of the following components: the first is the guiding ideology of our Party, that is, the Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of “Three Represents”, Scientific Outlook on Development and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era; the second is the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics; the third is the theoretical system for socialism with Chinese characteristics; the fourth is the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics; and the fifth is the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It should be emphasized here that the guiding ideology of our Party and the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics are different concepts with connections as well as distinctions. The guiding ideology of our Party includes Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics does not include Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, but has the relation of coming down in a continuous line, upholding and development with Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought.  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has scientifically grasped the development trend of the world today and the contemporary China, conformed to the demands from practices and the expectations of the people, and scored great achievements in all aspects, promoting the historical reform of the undertakings of the Party and the state. The achievements of the past five years have touched every area and broken new ground, and the changes in China over the past five years have been profound and fundamental. This fully proves that it is completely correct for our Party to hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. Our full confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics is in essence the confidence in the socialism with Chinese characteristics.  

The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only path to socialist modernization and a better life for the people.  

The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics embodies not only taking economic construction as the center, but also the overall promotion of development of economy, politics, culture, society, ecology and other aspects, and is the only path to socialist modernization and a better life for the people. It needs to be pointed out that, in a society, economy is the foundation, not only of the political superstructure, but also of the cultural superstructure. This has determined that to uphold the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we must keep to the path of socialist economic development with Chinese characteristics. Of course, the path of economic development is first embodied in the political superstructure, and demonstrated as a certain economy system, which is ought to be; however, the actual status of operation of this economic system in the economic realm falls in the scope of economic foundation, which is the reality. The path of socialist economic development with Chinese characteristics is embodied in the implementation of the ought-to-be economic system in the real economic realm, mainly in the actual status of ownership and distribution relationship and the people-to-people relations. In the primary stage of socialism, to uphold the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we must ensure the dominating position of the public ownership and the side-by-side development of diverse forms of ownership, actively and steadily solve the problem of excess gaps in wealth occupation and income distribution, and continually advance towards shared prosperity. Only by unwaveringly upholding the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism, can the socialist nature of China be fundamentally embodied, the fundamental interests of all our people be embodied, and our Party, country and nation will have a beautiful future.  

At present, people often talk about “Chinese Path”. In a broad sense, “Chinese Path” can include the path of revolution, construction and reform and opening up of China; and in a narrow sense, “Chinese Path” specifically refers to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Today, the international society is paying increasing attention to and giving growing cognition of Chinese Path, and the “Chinese Model” and “Chinese Path” have become hot topics of discussions both internationally and domestically. The expression “Chinese Model” first gives a feeling of stagnation of completion and no more development. In fact, the development form of China is in transition today, so we cannot say that a fixed development model has been formed. Second, it can lead to the suspicion of popularizing and even expansion. Therefore, we should not simply use “Chinese Model” to summarize the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the expression “Chinese Path” should be used.  

The theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the right theory to guide the Party and people to realize national rejuvenation 

The theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a scientific system including the Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of the Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development and the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. This theory has been gradually formed and developed by our Party by combining the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought with the new reality of reform and opening up in China and the new features of the era, mainly in the new practices of reform and opening up in China. Just as Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought are expressed separately from Marxism as they developed Marxism on many important aspects, the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics is expressed separately as it has also developed Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought on many important aspects.  

It should also be pointed out that, Mao Zedong Thought has extremely close relations with the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Comrade Deng Xiaoping once said: “After the Third Plenum of the 11th Central Committee, we restored the correct things of Comrade Mao Zedong, that is to accurately and completely study and carry on Mao Zedong Thought. The fundamental points remain unchanged. On many aspects, we are doing those that Comrade Mao Zedong already proposed but remaining undone, correcting his mistakes and doing well those he failed to do properly. We will still do this in a considerably long period to come. Of course, we have also made development, and will continue to develop.” This has clearly expounded the relations of a continuing line and advancing with times between the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics and Mao Zedong Thought.  

Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out in his report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC that: “With decades of hard work, socialism with Chinese characteristics has crossed the threshold into a new era. This is a new historic juncture in China's development.” The Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is the latest results of the sinicization of Marxism in response to this new era, is the inheritance and development of the Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of “Three Represents” and Scientific Outlook on Development, the crystal of the practical experience and collective wisdom of the Party and the people, an important component of the system of theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation. This Thought must be adhered to and steadily developed on a long-term basis.  

The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics provides the fundamental institutional guarantee for progress and development in contemporary China.  

The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a new social institutional system established and formed after the founding of New China, and gradually enriched and improved during the period of reform and opening up, it provides the fundamental institutional guarantee for progress and development in contemporary China, and embodies in concentration the nature, features and advantages of the socialism with Chinese characteristics; it is a complete set of institutional systems formed in the self-improvement and development of the socialist system in areas of economy, politics, culture, society and ecological civilization that are mutually linked and connected. The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics has well combined the fundamental political system and basic political system with the basic economic system and specific systems as the institutional mechanisms of all aspects, and unified the Party’s leadership, the running of the country by the people and law-based governance, providing the effective institutional guarantee for the development of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.  

The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics embodies the proper unification of the state system and government system of China. The socialist system is the fundamental system of China, under which there are the fundamental political system of the people's congress, the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the system of regional ethnic autonomy and the system of community level self-government; and there are the basic economic system for the primary stage of socialism in China with the public ownership as the main and diverse forms of ownership of economy developing side by side, and the distribution system with distribution to work as the main and multiple distribution forms co-existing; there is the legal system of socialism with Chinese characteristics; and there are the corresponding specific systems for economy, politics, culture, society and ecological environment.  

To be firm in the confidence in system, we must uphold the leadership of the Communist Party of China. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out in his report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC that: “the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the Party is the highest force for political leadership”. Why do we repeatedly emphasize upholding the leadership of the Communist Party of China in the course of keeping to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics? First, upholding the party's leadership is the inevitable development of our country's history and the choice of the people; second, upholding the party's leadership is originated from the purpose of the Party to serve the people whole-heartedly; and third, our Party is the core of the strong leadership in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and is in a position of grasping the overall situation and coordinating all parties. Now there is a view that in the revolution period, the leadership of the Party was needed to obtain the success of the revolution, but in the period of construction, especially reform, as long as a set of perfect political system is in place and we stick to the rule of law, the people can certainly run the country. This is a great misunderstanding. The world history of socialist development has proved that upholding the leadership of the Party is the primary condition and the universal law not only in obtaining and holding the state power, but also in the socialist construction and reform.  

The culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a powerful source of strength that inspires all members of the Party and the people of all ethnic groups in China.  

Culture is the soul of a country and a nation. The culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics can be said to consist of the following components: the first is Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and the theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics; the second is the revolutionary culture and advanced socialist culture created by the people led by the Party in revolution, construction and reform; the third is the excellent traditional culture of China nurtured by the Chinese nation in its history of civilization for over 5000 years; and the fourth is the excellent traditional culture of various countries and nations of the world actively learned by China. These components are not of parallel relationship. Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and the theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the soul of the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the revolutionary culture and advanced socialist culture created by the people led by the Party is the main content of the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the excellent traditional culture of China nurtured by the Chinese nation is the fertile soil of the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the excellent traditional culture of various countries and nations of the world actively learned is the beneficial nutrient to the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Cultural confidence is more fundamental, more extensive, and more profound. We should uphold Marxism as the guide, carry on the core socialist values, foster a Chinese ethos with patriotism at the core and a readiness to respond to the call of our times with reform and innovation at the core, and keep on strengthening the mental power of the entire Party and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups.  

These five aspects are closely related, interdependent and inseparable. Socialism with Chinese characteristics, as the great banner held by our Party at all times, is the general guide, setting the fundamental nature and direction of the path, theory, system and culture. The path is the realization approach, the theoretical system is the guide of action, the system is the fundamental guarantee, the culture is the profound foundation, and they are unified to the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.  

(The author is the vice chairman of the Internal and Judicial Affairs Committee of the National People’s Congress and a consultant of the Research Center of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)


Related Articles