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The New Vision for Development and Solution to the Principal Contradiction Facing Chinese Society

Submit Time:16-03-2018 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Chen Zirui and Peng Biyu | Source:Guangming Daily (February 5, 2018, Page 11)

Abstract:

The report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC made a new judgment for the principal contradiction facing Chinese society on the basis of the development level of the productive force in China, the demand level from people’s life and the main factors related to meeting the demand from the people’s life, and pointed out that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society has evolved into a contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. This is a major theoretical innovation in the report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC. The evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society represents a historic shift that affects the whole landscape and that creates many new demands for the development strategy and vision for development of the Party and the country. It is one of the basic strategies in upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era to adhere to the new vision for development. By adhering to the new vision for development to realize more fair and sustainable development with higher quality and efficiency, we can better solve the question of unbalanced and inadequate development, and meet the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. This is the inevitable route to the solution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society.  

The new vision for development is conducive to solving the problem of unbalanced development. Unbalanced development is a prominent contradiction and problem facing the economic and social development in China today, mainly demonstrated in the unbalanced development in the level of productive force, between urban and rural areas, between regions, and on economy and society, material progress and cultural and ideological progress, and it is the main aspect of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society. The new vision for development contains the orientation and functions to solve the problem of unbalanced development. Innovation is the first drive force leading the development, and the strategic support to the construction of a modern economic system. Innovative development is of important significance in solving the question of unbalanced development. The central and western regions and the old industrial bases in northeast can gain development advantages again and realize surpassing in development only by innovation in science and technology, industrial form and management patterns, to narrow the development gap from the eastern region. Coordinated development is aimed at narrowing the development gap between urban and rural areas and between different regions, strengthening the weak areas in development, and promoting the coordinated development between urban and rural areas and different regions, in economy and society, and in material and cultural and ideological progress. The rural vitalization strategy and the coordinated regional development strategy stated in the report at the 19th National Congress of the CPC is to implement the vision for coordinated development, to speed up the modernization of agriculture and rural areas by establishing and completing the urban-rural integrated development institutional mechanism and policy system, to push forward the coordinated development of urban and rural areas; differential development strategies will be implemented in different regions, and more effective new mechanism for regional coordinated development will be established, to promote the coordinated development of different regions. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, substantial progress has been made in the opening of the inland and border areas; however, they in general still remain the low-lying land of opening to the outside world, and have the advantages of abundant labor, rich natural resources and ever-improving infrastructure. To implement opening development with increased degree of opening, the inland and border areas will be turned from low-lying land to highland of opening while deepening the opening of coastal areas, to form the opening pattern of linked movement of inland and coastal regions and east and west mutual complementing opening, conducive to the formation of a new pattern of regional coordinated development. The purpose of shared development is to narrow the gaps in living standard, income level and social security level of different groups, so that more achievements of reform and development can benefit all people in a more fair form, to realize the balance of development between different groups. Therefore, the implementation of the new vision for development will promote the solution of unbalanced development on many aspects.  

The new vision for development is conducive to solving the problem of inadequate development. Inadequacy and unbalance are two big questions with differences and connections. On one hand, the two have different focuses, unbalanced development is focused on structure, while inadequate development focused on degree. On the other hand, causes of unbalanced development include inadequate development, while inadequate development intensifies the unbalanced development, and the two are closely linked to each other. The new vision for development is conducive to solving both questions of unbalanced development and inadequate development. The question of inadequate development in China is mainly demonstrated on development quality, innovation capability, social security and public services. The new vision for development contains the orientation and functions to solve the question of inadequate development. Innovative development provides new motive force for economic development, conducive not only to realizing the shift of economic development motive force from investment drive and element drive to innovation drive, but also to shifting the development pattern and optimizing economic structure. Technological innovation will raise development quality, realize the shift of Chinese economy from the high speed growth phase to the high quality development phase, upgrade the innovation degree and standard, and solve the question of inadequate quality and innovation capability in the development of China. An important cause in the unbalanced development between urban and rural areas in China is the inadequate development in the rural areas. Improving the infrastructure and public service systems in the rural areas through coordinated development can help solving the question of inadequate development of social security and public services in the rural areas of China. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, substantial results have been achieved in ecological development in China, the consciousness and initiative of various places to implement the vision of green development has substantially enhanced, however, the battle to prevent and harness pollution remains an important task in the completion of the building of moderately prosperous society in all aspects, and the only way to solve the inadequate ecological environment protection in China is green development. Inadequate opening to the outside world is also a problem facing China in its development. Through opening development, especially with the advancement of the Belt and Road construction, developing open economy at a higher level and taking initiative to participate in and push the process of economic globalization and raising the institutional right of speech of China in the global economic governance can help expanding the opening space and solve the problem of inadequate opening of China. Inadequate social security is also an outstanding question in the current economic and social development of China. If it cannot be effectively solved, it will affect the quality of life and happiness level of the people, and delay the progress of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society. Shared development is a vision for development to solve the question of inadequate social security. Gradually completing the social security mechanism and forming a social security system covering both urban and rural areas through shared development can help raise the social security degree and standard. We can say that the implementation of the new vision for development will promote the solution of inadequate development on many aspects.  

The new vision for development will help meet the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. With the economic and social development and the improvement of living standard, people have not only demanded higher standard of material and cultural life, but also raised growing needs on democracy, rule of law, equity, justice, security and environment, and the principal contradiction facing the society was put forth in line with such appeal. The new vision for development will promote solving the question of unbalanced and inadequate development, and after all it will meet the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. Specifically, innovative development will promote theoretical innovation, institutional innovation and cultural innovation, push forward the institutionalization, formalization and routinization of socialist democracy and politics, ensure that people can administrate the stair affairs, economic and cultural undertakings and social affairs via various channels, and promote the development of cultural undertakings and industry. This will help meet the people’s ever-growing needs on democracy and rule of law and cultural consumption. With coordinated development, economic construction, political development, cultural development, social development and ecological development can be pushed ahead collaboratively while realizing coordinated development of urban and rural areas and different regions, and only this can better meet the overall, rich and growing needs of the people. Green is an important aspect of people’s yearns for a beautiful life, green development requires respecting, complying to and protecting the nature, and firmly taking the civilized development road with growing production, rich life and good ecology. In the economic development, we should provide more high quality ecological measurement to meet the people’s ever-growing needs for a beautiful ecological environment, to realize harmonious co-existence of man and nature. Adhering to the combination of import with going global in opening development, and enhance the economic cooperation and cultural exchange between countries and enterprises can help meet the people’s ever-growing needs for foreign exchange. Sharing is an essential requirement of the socialism with Chinese characteristics. Continually enhancing the welfare of the people and promoting the social fairness and justice through shared development will demonstrate the pursuit and guarantee of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics for fairness and justice, and this can help meet the people’s ever-growing needs for fairness and justice. Therefore, adhering to the new vision for development can respond to the expectation and yearns of the people on many aspects, and meet the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life.  

The new vision for development was not proposed directly with respect to the principal contradiction facing Chinese society, but it was proposed to the prominent contradictions and problems facing the economic and social development in China. These prominent contradictions and problems are the concrete embodiment of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society, therefore the new vision for development will play an important role in solving the principal contradiction facing Chinese society. We can say that the new vision for development can solve the principal contradiction facing Chinese society, and adhering to the new vision for development is the inherent demand in solving the principal contradiction facing Chinese society.  

(Authors: Chen Zirui and Peng Biyu, respectively a doctorate student and dean of the Economic and Management College of South China Normal University)


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