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The Great Significance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

Submit Time:12-12-2017 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Chen Shuguang | Source:Guang Ming Daily November 24, 2017

Abstract:

Since our 18th National Congress of the CPC, changes both in and outside China, and the progress made in all areas of China's endeavors, have presented us with a profound question—the question of an era. Our answer must be a systematic combination of theory and practice and must address what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics the new era requires us to uphold and develop, and how we should go about doing it. In answering this question, our Party has worked hard to undertake theoretical explorations, and has achieved major theoretical innovations, ultimately giving shape to the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era (the "Xi Jinping Thought"). The Xi Jinping Thought has great and far-reaching significance in the history of the development of Marxism, the rejuvenation history of the Chinese nation and the progress of human civilization. 

From the perspective of the history of Marxism development, the Xi Jinping Thought has opened up a new realm of Marxism in China. 

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in his report to the 19th National Congress of the CPC, "The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people. It is an important component of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics." The Xi Jinping Thought has adopted an entirely new perspective to deepen its understanding of the laws that underlie governance by a Communist party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society, and opened up a new realm of Marxism in China. 

In the 21st century, China and the world have developed and changed in a way that far exceeds what classic Marxist writers could imagine at that time no matter in breadth or depth, as opposed to the international and domestic environments confronted by previous generations of Chinese communists. Comparing the past theories with today's practices, we may find some arguments do not work, some proposition are not enough, and some concrete conclusions cannot be used. These are the facts that must not be shy about. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has put forward an array of new ideas, new thinking and new strategies for governing the country by centering on what we are doing, following Marxism, and focusing on the theoretical thinking on practical problems and on the new reality and new development, thereby opening up a new realm of the development of Marxism in the 21st century. For example, the Central Committee stated that "socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era," deepening our understanding of the law governing the development of socialism. The Central Committee presented a question of an era that "what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics the new era requires us to uphold and develop, and how we should go about doing it," deepening our understanding of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The Central Committee proposed a new "two-step" strategy, deepening our understanding of the stage of socialist development. The Central Committee put forward the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation, deepening our understanding of the general task of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The Central Committee put forward the four-pronged comprehensive strategy, deepening our understanding of the law governing the development of socialism. The Central Committee suggested that "we must see that the market plays the decisive role in resource allocation and the government plays its role better," deepening our understanding of the theory of socialist market economy. The Central Committee presented such theories as "a new vision for development," "the people-centered philosophy of development," "new normal economic development," "supply-side structural reform" and "modern economic system," deepening our understanding of the political economy of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The Central Committee put forward "a holistic approach to national security," deepening our understanding of the Marxist concept of security. The Central Committee put forward the concept of "a community with a shared future for mankind," deepening our understanding of the Marxist theory of the world history. The Central Committee put forward such new thoughts and strategies as "the Party is the highest force for political leadership," "give top priority to the political work of the Party," "full and strict governance over the Party," and "the basic policy of '14 Insistences'," deepening our understanding of the law that underlies governance by a Communist party. The Central Committee proposed the "Belt and Road Initiative," deepening our understanding of the law governing the evolution of human society. The Xi Jinping Thought has developed "ancestors' thoughts" and added many "new thoughts," opening up a new realm of the development of Marxism in China. 

From the perspective of the history of national rejuvenation, the Xi Jinping Thought is a guide to action for all our members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation. 

Over the past five years, our Party has demonstrated tremendous political courage and a powerful sense of mission as it has developed new ideas, new thinking, and new strategies, adopted a raft of major principles and policies, launched a host of major initiatives, and pushed ahead with many major tasks. We have solved many tough problems that were long on the agenda but never resolved, accomplished many things that were wanted but never got done, and made historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. The most important and crucial point for these historical achievements lies in the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core and the scientific guidance of the Xi Jinping Thought. 

Facing the future, our Party must uphold the scientific guidance of the Xi Jinping Thought as we will lead the people in securing a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, embarking on a journey to fully build a modern socialist China, and strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era. The Xi Jinping Thought gives a systematic answer to fundamental issues like the overarching objectives, tasks, plan, and strategy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era; like the direction, model, and driving force of development, and the strategic steps, external conditions, and political guarantees. Additionally, the Xi Jinping Thought, based on new practice, provides scientific theoretical analysis and policy guidance on the economy, political affairs, rule of law, science and technology, culture, education, the wellbeing of our people, ethnic and religious affairs, social development, ecological conservation, national security, defense and the armed forces, the principle of "one country, two systems" and national reunification, the united front, foreign affairs, and Party building. The Xi Jinping Thought puts forward the basic strategy of "14 Insistences," providing a basic guide for better upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era, and a guide to action for achieving the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation. The Xi Jinping Thought and the basic policy will certainly be reflected in all aspects and various processes of governing the country. 

In a new era, no other thought but the Xi Jinping Thought that combines Marxism with the concrete realities and the characteristics of the times in China can solve the problem regarding the future and destiny of socialism and the Chinese nation. In contemporary China, upholding the Xi Jinping Thought means truly upholding and developing Marxism and scientific socialism. 

From the perspective of the history of progress in human civilization, the Xi Jinping Thought offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the common problems facing mankind. 

The consciousness of the world and the care for mankind are the unique wisdom of the Chinese nation. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in his report to the 19th National Congress of the CPC, "The Communist Party of China strives for both the wellbeing of the Chinese people and human progress. To make new and greater contributions for mankind is our Party's abiding mission." The world is so big and full of many problems. "China cannot be absent" given the sluggish world economic recovery, poor global governance and rising trade protectionism. At a crucial moment when the international community is expecting to hear the Chinese voice and see the Chinese approach, the Xi Jinping Thought offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the common problems facing mankind. 

As we all know, since the Industrial Revolution, the process of economic globalization and modernization has been advancing under the leadership of the West. The fruits of modernization have basically been enjoyed exclusively by the developed countries, while the cost of development has been shared by the whole world. The vast number of developing countries has played a dependent role in the tide of economic globalization and modernization. To be exact, China's modernization process was only started after the founding of New China and accelerated only after the reform and opening up. Today, as socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, China's modernization has come to a new historical turning point as it is shifting from access-based modernization to radial-pattern modernization, representing an unprecedented change. Today, China, on the one hand, absorbs products, funds, technologies, talents and services from all over the world. On the other hand, China's products, funds and technologies are going global, so are its talents and services, and China's thinking, system and culture have begun to influence the world. Under such a historical background, China's policy has essentially become an important factor influencing the global economic trend. China's development strategy has essentially become a part of the global economic strategy, and China's international strategy has essentially become a part of the reform of the global governance system. From the perspective of theoretical ownership, China's policy, development strategy and international strategy in a new era are an important part of the Xi Jinping Thought. From this perspective, the Xi Jinping Thought has international and historical significance. 

Specifically, the world significance of the Xi Jinping Thought manifests itself in three levels of economy, system and values. At the economic level, the new path of economic globalization China has opened up, the new economic globalization program it has offered, the Belt and Road Initiative it has proposed, and the world economic recovery solution it has presented, have made outstanding contributions to rewriting the concept of global development, strengthening global economic governance, and speeding up world economic recovery. At the system level, the multilateral financial schemes China has advocated and actively participated in, including the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the New Development Bank, and the Silk Road Fund, the new international relations promoted by China based on win-win cooperation, the new-type big power relations proposed by China, the "Belt and Road" international cooperation scheme advocated by China, and the international platforms such as G20 and APEC that China have participated in, have contributed to the reform and improvement of the global governance system. At the level of values, the concept of "a community with a shared future for mankind" and the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration proposed by China, have provided a reasonable value guide for the future development of economic globalization and contributed Chinese wisdom to reshape global communicative rationality. 

(Author's affiliation: The Party School of the Central Committee of CPC)


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