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Promoting the Building of a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind

Submit Time:12-12-2017 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Yang Jiechi | Source:People's Daily November 19, 2017

Abstract:

General Secretary Xi Jinping explicitly stated at the diplomacy part of his report to the 19th National Congress of the CPC, "The Communist Party of China strives for both the wellbeing of the Chinese people and human progress. To make new and greater contributions for mankind is our Party's abiding mission." Our Party members said this and did the same. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, General Secretary Xi Jinping has taken the great vision and strategic thinking as a prominent politician and strategist and put forward the important thinking on building of a community with a shared future for mankind. This is an important part of the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era (the "Xi Jinping Thought") and represents an important thought and theoretical contribution made by contemporary China to the world. It has become a distinctive banner of China in leading the trend of the times and the progress of human civilization. 

I. Accurately grasping the background of the thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind 

According to the report of the 19th National Congress of the CPC, "The world is undergoing major developments, transformation, and adjustment, but peace and development remain the call of our day." As humankind lives in the same global village, all nations are increasingly interdependent and united in their destiny and become a closely tied community with a shared future. No country can deal with the challenges facing humankind alone, and no country can return to an isolated island. All countries in the world need to work together in a responsible spirit to jointly safeguard and promote world peace and development. 

Additionally, the surging trends of global multi-polarity, economic globalization, IT application, and cultural diversity, and the rapid rise of emerging market countries and the vast number of developing countries, are increasingly changing relative international forces, and reshaping the theory and practice of international relations. The "Western Centralism" where the international landscape is dominated by the West and the concept of international relations is mainly oriented towards Western values is hard to sustain. The Western management concepts, systems and models have become increasingly difficult to adapt to the new international landscape and the trend of the times. Various drawbacks cannot be cast off overnight, and even the big Western powers are confronted with poor governance and piles of questions. The international community urgently calls for a new concept of global governance, a new fairer and more reasonable international system and order, and a better future for mankind. 

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, on the basis of the remarkable achievements made in the development of our country since the establishment of the PRC, especially since the reform and opening up, we have prompted historic shifts in the cause of the Party and the country, our country has reached a new historical starting point in development, and socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. The new era means the Chinese nation, which since modern times began had endured so much for so long, has achieved a tremendous transformation: it has stood up, grown rich, and is becoming strong; it has come to embrace the brilliant prospects of rejuvenation. It means that scientific socialism is full of vitality in 21st century China, and that the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see. It means that the path, the theory, the system, and the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics have kept developing, blazing a new trail for other developing countries to achieve modernization. It offers a new option for other countries and nations who want to speed up their development while preserving their independence; and it offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the problems facing mankind. Internationally, China's governance philosophy and practice are highly appreciated and widely accepted, and we have seen a further rise in China's international influence, ability to inspire, and power to shape. China is confident and capable of making greater contributions to the world. 

Against this backdrop, General Secretary Xi Jinping stood at the height of the historical development process of mankind and adopted a powerful sense of mission as a leader of a major power, thinking in depth about major issues concerning the future and destiny of mankind, such as "what kind of world we should build and how should we build this world." He elaborated on the building of a community with a shared future for mankind on different occasions, forming a scientific, complete, content-rich and far-reaching ideological system. The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind is a major innovation achievement of the contemporary Chinese diplomacy. It has been highly praised and enthusiastically responded by the international community and has been written into the UN document many times, resulting in an increasingly widespread and profound international influence. 

II. Fully understanding the rich implications of the thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind 

The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind has extremely rich and profound implications, the essence of which lies in "building an open, inclusive, clean, and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security, and common prosperity" as pointed out in the report of the 19th National Congress of the CPC. We must promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind in five aspects, namely, politics, security, economy, culture, and ecology. 

1. In terms of politics, we should respect each other, discuss issues as equals, resolutely reject the Cold War mentality and power politics, and take a new approach to developing state-to-state relations with communication, not confrontation, and with partnership, not alliance. The human history was full of frequent wars, miseries and painful lessons. A peaceful world without wars is a simple but true wish of all peoples. The key to building a world with lasting peace lies in the fact that countries should establish partnerships of equality and mutual understanding. Major countries are often the key determinant of war and peace and have greater responsibility for regional and world peace and development. Major countries should respect each other's core interests and major concerns, control conflicts and differences, and work hard to build new-type relations with mutual respect and win-win cooperation, not conflict and confrontation. Major countries should treat small countries as equals, and should not engage with hegemonic relations of incivility and the practice of the strong bullying the weak. Conflicts and differences among countries are to be resolved through equal discussion and dialogue with the utmost sincerity and patience. Only when all countries embark on the path of peaceful development can all countries develop together and live in peace. 

2. In terms of security, we should commit to settling disputes through dialogue and resolving differences through discussion, coordinate responses to traditional and non-traditional threats, and oppose terrorism in all its forms. At present, the international security situation is turbulent and complicated, and traditional and non-traditional security threats are intertwined. The connotation and denotation of security issues are all further expanding. At the same time, human beings are sharing more converged interests as well as peril and safety. In the context of such a new situation, the Cold War mentality, the military alliance and the pursuit of one's own absolute security have become impracticable. All parties should foster new thinking on common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security. All countries, regardless of size, strength, financial conditions, historical and cultural traditions, or differences in social systems, should respect and take good care of each other's legitimate security concerns. All countries should abide by the basic norms guiding international relations such as respecting sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity and no interference in each other's internal affairs, and coordinate and safeguard traditional and non-traditional security. All countries have the right to participate in regional security affairs on an equal footing. They also have the responsibility of safeguarding regional security. They must solve security problems through dialogue, discussion and mutually beneficial cooperation. 

3. In terms of economy, we should stick together through thick and thin, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and make economic globalization more open, inclusive, and balanced so that its benefits are shared by all. Development is the most important task and applicable to all countries. It is common development that the community with a shared future for mankind pursues. Enhancing the development capabilities of all countries depends ultimately on their own efforts. All countries should, according to their own endowments, formulate development strategies that suit their national conditions. To improve the international development environment, all countries should work together to maintain international peace, promote development through peace, and consolidate peace through development. To create a favorable external institutional environment, strengthen global economic governance, and improve the coordination mechanism for development, all countries, especially major economies, should strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination. All countries should uphold the rules of the World Trade Organization, support an open, transparent, inclusive and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system, and promote the building of an open world economy. They should optimize the development of partnerships, and address the imbalanced development between North and South and within regions, so that the development benefits can be shared by all, giving a new impetus to the overall sustainable growth of the world economy. 

4. In terms of culture, we should respect the diversity of civilizations. In handling relations among civilizations, let us replace estrangement with exchange, clashes with mutual learning, and superiority with coexistence. The diversity of human civilizations is the basic feature of the world and also the source of human progress. Diversity brings forth exchange, exchange gives birth to convergence, and convergence leads to progress. Different civilizations have embodied the wisdom and contributions of different nations, without any distinction between superiority and inferiority. Differences in civilizations should not become the root cause of world conflicts, but should be the driving force behind the progress of human civilization. We should boost cross-cultural exchanges characterized by harmony within diversity, inclusiveness, and mutual learning. We should draw on each other's strength during competition and seek common development in exchange and mutual learning, in order to make the exchange and mutual learning of civilizations a bridge for promoting friendship among peoples, a driving force for advancing the progress of human society, a bond for safeguarding world peace. 

5. In terms of ecology, we should be good friends to the environment, cooperate to tackle climate change, and protect our planet for the sake of human survival. Human beings can make use of and transform nature, but in the final analysis they are part of nature. They must care for nature and cannot override nature. Building ecological civilization is the key to the future of mankind. We must solve the contradictions brought by industrial civilization and aim at the harmonious coexistence of man and nature so as to achieve the sustainable development of the world and the full development of mankind. We should firmly establish a sense of respecting nature, following its ways, and protecting it, and realize that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets and act on this understanding. We should stick to the path of green, low-carbon, recycling and sustainable development, push forward the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in a balanced manner, and take action to tackle new challenges such as climate change, so as to continuously blaze a trail in civilized development featuring increased production, higher living standards, and healthy ecosystems and cultivate global ecosystems based on respect for nature and green development. 

III. Profoundly understanding the great significance of the thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind 

The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind follows the trend of history, responds to the requirements of the times, and unifies the consensus of all countries, thereby drawing a blueprint for realizing common development, sustained prosperity and long-term peace and security for humankind, which is of great and far-reaching significance to China's peaceful development and world's prosperity and progress. 

1. The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind inherits and develops the important diplomatic thoughts and policies in different periods of New China. Since the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, our Party members have attached great importance to promoting the building of peaceful, stable, fair and reasonable international relations and international order. They have successively put forward the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, the building of a new international political and economic order, the peaceful development path, the building of a harmonious world and other important diplomatic ideas. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has, on the basis of inheriting and developing important diplomatic thoughts in different periods of New China, actively promoted innovations in the diplomatic theory and practice, and put forward an array of new concepts and new ideas such as the Belt and Road Initiative, the concept of global governance, the concept of security, the concept of development, the principle of upholding justice while pursuing shared interests, and the concept of globalization, engendering General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on diplomacy in the great practice of creating a new landscape in major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics. As the core and essence of General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on diplomacy, the thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind has become the diplomatic strategy of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era. It has fully demonstrated our confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and reflected China's global vision, big heart and major country responsibility of integrating its own development with the world development. Under the guidance of General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on diplomacy, China is increasingly moving closer to center stage of the world and playing its part as a major and responsible country in actively promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind and making due contributions to mankind. 

2. The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind reflects the common values pursued by excellent cultures both at home and abroad and all mankind. Peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom are the common values pursued by all mankind. Since the modern times, it has been the goal pursued by mankind to establish a just and reasonable international order, safeguard world peace, and achieve common prosperity. Following the victory of the world anti-fascist war, driven by the just forces such as China, important documents such as the Charter of the United Nations have established the basic norms governing international relations such as sovereign equality, non-interference in the internal affairs, and peaceful settlement of international disputes, reflecting the international community's lofty ideal of pursuing lasting peace and maintaining fairness and justice. With the deepening of economic globalization, especially with the increasingly prominent global challenges, various countries have been increasingly aware of their converged interests, shared danger and safety, and the community with a shared future, becoming the powerful positive energy for promoting international coordination and cooperation. Chinese traditional culture emphasizes harmony, advocates the whole world as one community, and stresses that the world will become a harmonious whole if different countries and different cultures respect and treasure each other, implying the rich gene of a community with a shared future for mankind. Under the new historical conditions, General Secretary Xi Jinping creatively put forward the thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind, which not only reflects the reality of contemporary international relations but also carries forward the shared values of mankind and the excellent Chinese culture to a new height. The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind reflects the universal desire and common aspiration of all mankind and generates increasingly widespread and strong international resonance. 

3. The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind adapts to the historic changes in the relations between China and the world in a new era. The relationship between China and the world is standing at a new historical starting point. On the one hand, China is becoming increasingly inseparable from the world and the vice versa. In 2016, China contributed over 30% to world economic growth, and its import and export volume reached 3.69 trillion U.S. dollars, more than 30% of its GDP. Our country has become a veritable trading power. Facts have proved that only when the world is in good condition can China develop well. In turn, only if China develops well can the world become better. Realizing the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation is closely tied with the good dreams of all peoples and is inseparable from the world dream of lasting peace and common prosperity. On the other hand, China's tremendous achievements in reform and opening up cannot be separated from the support and cooperation of the world. China, which is on the rise, has the responsibility and ability to share development opportunities with other countries. As China develops better, it will be more able to shape and influence the world and make greater contributions to the international community. The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind is the Chinese wisdom and Chinese approach we have contributed to global governance. 

4. The thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind points out a direction for the development of the world and the future of mankind. At present, the world is confronted with various problems and challenges in its development, such as headwinds faced by economic globalization, long-term downturn of world economy, increasingly prominent development gaps, frequent regional conflicts, terrorism and refugee flows, and clashing socio-political thoughts. What's wrong with the world? What can we do? The international community is confused about the future direction of development. Against this backdrop, General Secretary Xi Jinping responded to the common aspirations of the international community and accurately grasped the historic changes in the relations between China and the world. He addressed the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos and the UN headquarters in Geneva, proposing China's concepts of globalization and global governance, and comprehensively elaborating the important thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind. At its core, the thinking pursues peace not war, development not poverty, cooperation not confrontation, and win-win result not win-lose situation. In direct response to the most important issue in today's world, the thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind solves the biggest confusion in people's minds and points out the correct direction for the development of the world and the future of mankind. 

IV. Promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind and working harder on our foreign work in a new era 

Building a community with a shared future for mankind is not only the lofty goal of China's diplomacy but also the common responsibility and historical mission of all countries in the world. We must thoroughly implement the thinking on building a community with a shared future for mankind, continuously blaze a new trail in China's diplomacy, and work hand in hand with all other countries to build a better world. 

1. We must uphold the path of peaceful development and promote the building of new-type international relations based on mutual respect, fairness and justice, and win-win cooperation. We can neither give up our dream because of the complicated reality nor give up our pursuit because our ideal is far away. Facing a world full of hope and challenges, we must unswervingly promote the building of new-type international relations and lay a solid foundation for building a community with a shared future for mankind. We will hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation and win-win result and abide by the purpose of our foreign policy of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development. We will unswervingly develop friendly partnerships with all countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. We will firmly safeguard international fairness and justice and oppose hegemony and power politics. We must resolutely defend our national interests, and will never seek hegemony or engage in expansion. 

2. We must constantly improve the diplomatic deployment and create a global partnership network. With focus on the neighboring countries and major countries, on the basis of developing countries, and by adopting multilateral schemes, we will deepen pragmatic cooperation, strengthen political mutual trust, consolidate social foundation and improve mechanism building, so as to develop all-round friendly cooperation with all countries and constantly improve China's diplomatic agenda in a comprehensive, multilevel, multifaceted way. We will promote coordination and cooperation with other major countries and work to build a framework for major country relations featuring overall stability and balanced development. China will deepen relations with its neighbors in accordance with the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness and the policy of forging friendship and partnership with its neighbors. China will, guided by the principle of upholding justice while pursuing shared interests and the principle of sincerity, real results, affinity, and good faith, work to strengthen solidarity and cooperation with other developing countries. 

3. We must unswervingly push forward the Belt and Road Initiative and further deepen the all-round pattern of opening up. We will adhere to the fundamental national policy of opening up and pursues development with its doors open wide. We will closely integrate the Belt and Road Initiative with the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, and with the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We will build a new platform for international cooperation to create new drivers of shared development. We will follow the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration, carry forward the Silk Road Spirit of peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit, and strengthen policy, infrastructure, trade, financial, and people-to-people connectivity with the countries along the Belt and Road, thus building the Belt and Road into a road of peace, prosperity, opening up, innovation and civilization. 

4. We must deeply participate in global governance and actively guide the direction of changes in the international order. We will follow the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration in engaging in global governance, and take an active part in reforming and developing the global governance system. We will firmly uphold the international order and international system centered on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, promote the democracy in international relations, and support the efforts of other developing countries to increase their representation and strengthen their voice in international affairs. We will constructively participate in the process of settling hotspot issues at international and regional levels, actively respond to all kinds of global challenges, and safeguard international and regional peace and stability. We will actively safeguard the status of the multilateral trade system as a main channel, promote the liberalization and facilitation of international trade and investment, and oppose protectionism in all its forms. China will continue to play its part as a major and responsible country and offer Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to improving global governance. 

5. We must strengthen the Party's centralized and unified leadership over foreign work. We will thoroughly study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on diplomacy, uphold the "Four Self-confidences," and enhance the "Four Awareness." We will further strengthen the top-down design, strategic planning and overall coordination of foreign work so as to ensure that the Party Central Committee's foreign policy and strategy are well executed. We will steadily promote reform and improvement of institutions and mechanisms for foreign work and increase the overall coordination of foreign work in various fields and departments. We will strengthen exchanges and cooperation with the political parties and organizations of other countries, and encourage people's congresses, CPPCC committees, the military, local governments, and people's organizations to engage in exchanges with other countries. We will step up the building of a contingent of cadres for foreign work and cultivate a large number of competent and versatile talents good at dealing with domestic and foreign work. 


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