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New Journey: Fully Building a Modern Socialist Country

Submit Time:22-11-2017 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Li Shenming | Source:The People’s Daily (October 22, 2017)

Abstract:

■ The “new” of the new journey is reflected in the realization of strategic goals ahead of time nodes, namely, socialist modernization is basically realized by 2035, and China is built into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century; the “new” of the new journey is also reflected in the enriched and expanded connotation of strategic goals.  

■ The historic shifts and achievements of the cause of the Party and the country since the 18th National Congress of the CPC are the most direct and realistic basis for embarking on a new journey to fully build a modern socialist country. 

■ Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the basic policy provide basic guidelines for us to fully build a modern socialist country and write a brilliant chapter on our new journey to socialist modernization. 

The history of struggles of the Chinese Communist Party is written by a series of advancing new journeys. In the report of the 19th National Congress of the CPC, General Secretary Xi Jinping laid out a grand blueprint, thick and heavy in colors, of working toward the second centenary goal and embarking on a new journey to fully build a modern socialist country after finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects in 2020.  

It is an epoch-making strategic plan and a magnificent journey which will go down in the records. 

(I) 

The new journey aims at a new goal, and the new goal leads the new journey.  

After a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, the new goal of the development of the Party and the country is to fully build a modern socialist country by two steps. Accordingly, the new journey will be divided into two stages.  

In the first stage from 2020 to 2035, we will build on the foundation created by the moderately prosperous society with a further 15 years of hard work to see that socialist modernization is basically realized. By the end of this stage, the following will have been met: China’s economic and technological strength has increased significantly and China has become a global leader in innovation. The rights of the people to participate and to develop as equals are adequately protected; the rule of law for the country, the government, and society is basically in place; institutions in all fields are further improved; the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance is basically achieved. Social etiquette and civility are significantly enhanced; China’s cultural soft power has grown much stronger; Chinese culture has greater appeal. People are leading more comfortable lives, and the size of the middle-income group has grown considerably; disparities in urban-rural development, in development between regions, and in living standards are significantly reduced; equitable access to basic public services is basically ensured; solid progress has been made toward prosperity for everyone. A modern social governance system has basically taken shape; society is full of vitality and is harmonious and orderly. There is a fundamental improvement in the environment, and the goal of building a beautiful China is basically attained.  

In the second stage from 2035 to the middle of the 21st century, we will, building on having basically achieved modernization, work hard for a further 15 years and develop China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful. By the end of this stage, the following goals will have been met: new heights are reached in every dimension of material, political, cultural and ethical, social, and ecological advancement; modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance is achieved; China has become a global leader in terms of composite national strength and international influence; common prosperity for everyone is basically achieved; the Chinese people enjoy happier, safer, and healthier lives; the Chinese nation will become a proud and active member of the community of nations.  

The “new” of the new journey is reflected in the realization of strategic goals ahead of time nodes, namely, socialist modernization is basically realized by 2035, and China is built into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century. Also, the “new” of the new journey is reflected in the enriched and expanded connotation of strategic goals, such as becoming a global leader in innovation, basically achieving the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance, being a global leader in terms of composite national strength and international influence, and basically achieving common prosperity for everyone… 

(II) 

Fully building a modern socialist country has carried the long-cherished wish and dream of the Chinese people to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation since the modern times.  

In 1894, the great pioneer of China's democratic revolution, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, first put forward “revitalizing the Chinese nation” when created the revolutionary group Revive China Society.  

In 1940, Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out in On New Democracy that we Communists have only one objective for all struggles, that is, to build a new society and a new country for the Chinese nation.  

In 1990, Comrade Deng Xiaoping said in a conversation that we have focused on the “four modernizations”, i.e. the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense and science and technology, and been committed to revitalizing the Chinese nation since the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC. In 1997, Comrade Jiang Zemin put forward the goal of “achieving all-round rejuvenation of the Chinese nation” in the report of the 15th National Congress of the CPC. In 2007, Comrade Hu Jintao stressed the “historical mission of national rejuvenation” in the report of the 17th National Congress of the CPC. ” 

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, Comrade Xi Jinping has stressed repeatedly that national rejuvenation has been the greatest dream of the Chinese people since modern times began; the Communist Party of China shouldered the historic mission of national rejuvenation at its founding; we will certainly realize the goal of building China into a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious by the time we celebrate the centenary of the People’s Republic of China; the dream of the great national rejuvenation will surely come true.  

The grand blueprint of fully building a modern socialist country drawn in the report of the 19th National Congress of the CPC builds on the greatest dream of the Chinese nation since the modern times, and further enriches, develops and innovates in its connotation.  

(III) 

Over the past 96 years, the CPC and Chinese people have created numerous miracles that have gone down in history, laying a solid theoretical foundation, practical foundation and institutional foundation for embarking on a new journey to fully build a modern socialist country.  

Since its establishment, the CPC has led people to complete the New Democratic Revolution through 28 years of painful struggle, and founded the People’s Republic of China in 1949, thus marking China’s great transition from a millennia-old feudal autocracy to a people’s democracy.  

After the foundation of the New China, the CPC united the people and led them in completing socialist revolution, establishing socialism as China’s basic system, and advancing socialist construction. This completed the broadest and most profound social transformation in the history of the Chinese nation. It created the fundamental political conditions and the institutional foundation for achieving all development and progress in China today.  

The CPC also united the people and led them in launching the great new revolution of reform and opening-up, in removing all ideological and institutional barriers to our country and nation’s development, and in embarking on the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Thus was China able to stride ahead to catch up with the times.  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, with tremendous political courage and a powerful sense of mission, the CPC has put forward new ideas, new thinking, and new strategies, solved many tough problems that were long on the agenda but never resolved, and accomplished many things that were wanted but never got done. With this, we have prompted historic shifts in the cause of the Party and the country and made historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. These historic shifts and achievements serve as the most direct and realistic basis for embarking on a new journey to fully build a modern socialist country. 

(IV) 

Ships cannot sail smoothly on the sea without a lighthouse showing the way. Similarly, a great journey cannot be separated from scientific and theoretical guidelines.  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has worked hard to undertake theoretical explorations closely around what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics the new era requires us to uphold and develop and how we should go about doing it, the profound questions of an era, and has achieved major theoretical innovations, ultimately giving shape to Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people. It is an important component of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our Party members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation.  

Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era involves reform, development, stability, domestic and foreign affairs, national defense, and governance of the Party, state and army. It is a complete scientific theoretical system. Its spiritual essence and rich implications are mainly reflected in 14 points of the basic policy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and basic policy make clear overall objectives, tasks, planning, strategic layout and development direction, model, and driving force of development, strategic steps, external conditions and political guarantees for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and provide basic guidelines for us to fully build a modern socialist country and write a brilliant chapter on our new journey to socialist modernization. 

(The author is a researcher of the Research Center of the Theoretical System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)


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