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Grasp the Important Principle of Making Progress while Maintaining Stability in Governance

Submit Time:10-10-2017 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Tang Zhouyan | Source:Guangming Daily (August 21, 2017)

Abstract:

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has taken making progress while maintaining stability as the general principle in doing the economic work. The central economic work conference held at the end of last year stated, “The general guideline of making progress while maintaining stability is an important principle in governance, and also the methodology in doing the economic work.” This has raised making progress while maintaining stability from the general guideline for work in the economic field to the important principle in the state governance, and made it the basic principle, method and adherence to guide all work. This is a profound summary of the law in building the socialism with Chinese characteristics, also demonstrates the vivid application and innovative development of Marxist philosophy, and embodies the deepening and sublimation by our Party of the cognition of the law of state governance.  

Making progress while maintaining stability is the general guideline in dong the economic work 

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the CPC Central Committee has been continually strengthening and improving the leadership in the economic work, to solve problems in advancement with the method of development. In the grand trend of economic development entering the new normal, the CPC Central Committee is bold to assault fortified positions and overcome difficulties, leads the new development with the new theory of development and opened up the new situation of maintaining stable with improvement and making progress while maintaining stability in the Chinese economy.  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized the importance of making progress while maintaining stability, and raised it to the general guideline and general requirements in doing economic work. For example, at the 2012 central economic work conference, it was stated to promptly strengthen and improve macro level regulation according to the general guideline of work of making progress while maintaining stability, and place stabilizing growth at a more important position; at the 2015 central economic work conference the general ideal was further stated that the macro-level policy is consistent, industrial policy is targeted, micro-level policy injects dynamism into the market, reform policy delivers outcomes, and social policy sees basic living needs are met; the 2016 central economic work conference stressed that to carry on the general guideline of making progress while maintaining stability in our work, we should keep our strategic focus, adhere to problem orientation and baseline thinking, march forward steadfastly, properly do various work to maintain stable growth, promote reform, make structural adjustments, improve living standards, and guard against risks, to promote the stable and healthy development of economy and social harmony and stability. This shows that, the general guideline of work for making progress while maintaining stability put forth by Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core was gradually formed on the basis of correct study and judgment of the laws of economic development in China, and continuously summarized in the concrete practice of leading the economic work. This is the general principle and requirement to cope with new problems and new challenges in the new normal of economic development, and also important methodology in doing economic work.  

To make progress while maintaining stability, first, it should be stable with progress in economic work, and in this regard, stability is the general situation and the primary principle. Only stable economy and society can provide a stable macro environment for deepening the reform and opening up and economic restructuring. We can say that stability and progress is in dialectic relationship of organic unification and mutual promotion, with stability focusing on stabilizing economic operation and progress focusing on deepening reform and opening up and restructuring. To adhere to making progress while maintaining stability, we must make progress in critical fields while maintaining stable, and do something in key areas to a proper extent. The 2015 central economic work conference further expounded the dialectic relationship between the general guideline of making progress while maintaining stability and the economic work as a whole, and stated that strategically, we should adhere to making progress while maintaining stability by well controlling the rhythm and dynamics, and grasp the key points tactically, mainly the five main tasks of cutting overcapacity, reducing excess inventory, deleveraging, lowering costs, and strengthening areas of weakness. It was stated to adhere to protracted war strategically and fight war of annihilation tactically, to ensure general stable economic operation in China, with progress and improvement in stability.  

Adhering to the general work guideline of making progress while maintaining stability is the inevitable choice in the new normal of economic development. After the 18th National Congress of the CPC, profound and complicated changes took place in the international situation, the unstable and uncertain factors in world economy further increased, and the motive force for revival was not sufficient. In the meantime, the economic development in China also shows new features, the economic growth rate is shifting from high speed to medium-high speed, the economic development pattern shifting from scale and speed based extensive growth to quality and efficiency based intensive growth, the economic structure is undergoing profound readjustment from increasing quantity and expanding capacity as the main to concurrently adjusting inventory and optimizing increment, and the motive force for economic development is shifting from traditional growth points to new growth points. In this background, the strategic policy adopted by the CPC Central Committee is highly embodied by making progress while maintaining stability with increasing the quality and efficiency of economic development as the center. We must accurately grasp these changes in development conditions and requirements, more consciously adhere to increasing quality and efficiency of economic development as the center, and energetically push forward the strategic readjustment of economic structure. This is a ridge China must get over before mount on a higher stage of development. Therefore, in organizing economic activities, we should consider both development and foundation, examine both apparent and potential achievements, and pay attention to both GDP growth and improvement of people's livelihood, social progress and upgrading of ecological efficiency. In the new normal of economic development, we should enhance our courage to overcome difficulties, and also maintain a powerful strategic focus; and we should have both awareness of latent difficulties and historical patience. In short, adhering to the general guideline of making progress while maintaining stability is of extremely important guiding significance to maintaining medium high growth rate of economy, further pushing forward reform and opening up, continual improvement of people's livelihood and overall stability of social situation.  

Making progress while maintaining stability is the methodology to promote balanced economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress and correctly handle reform, development and stability 

Making progress while maintaining stability is required not only in doing economic work, but also in promoting balanced economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress and deepening reform in all aspects. Facing the complicated international situation and arduous tasks in reform development and stability in the country, the Third Plenum of the 18th CPC Central Committee required the whole Party to adhere to the principle of making progress while maintaining stability, and promote socialist economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress in all aspects. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, it is in the actual practice of promoting balanced economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress and deepening reform in all aspects that General Secretary Xi Jinping gradually upgraded the general guideline of making progress while maintaining stability in economic work to the scientific methodology to promote balanced economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress and correctly handle reform, development and stability.  

Economic construction is closely linked with the development of all other aspects. First, economic construction cannot do without the development of politics, culture and other aspects, among them, the political development provides important guarantee for economic construction, culture construction provides important mental support to economic construction, and social and ecological progress injects new motive force into economic construction. Second, economic construction in turn provides solid material foundation for the political, cultural, social, and ecological progress, and making progress in stability is the prerequisite for thriving politics, flourishing culture, stable society and harmonious ecology. We can say that, economic work is the central work of the Party, and steady progress in economic construction is required in developing both socialist democratic politics and advanced socialist culture. Similarly, only when we make progress in economic construction in stability can it better benefit the people's livelihood and safeguard the social stability; and only when we make progress in economic construction in stability can we guard the baseline for resources, environment and ecology, and construct our beautiful home with blue sky, green land and clear water. This shows that neither social nor ecological progress can be made without economic work, and they need the general principle of making progress while maintaining stability; the political system reform and development of cultural undertakings require more orderly advancement without error. This indicates that making progress while maintaining stability is our general guideline in doing the economic work and also in doing social work and work in other aspects. Of course, the “stability” here means not only maintaining the macroeconomic policy stable, keeping the stable and fairly rapid growth of economy and keeping the overall price level basically stable, but also maintaining the global social situation stable; and the “progress” here means not only obtaining new progress in transition of economic development pattern and achieving new breakthroughs in deepening the reform and opening up, but also the new achievements in improving the people's livelihood. In general, only by making progress in stability to realize the stable development of economy and society, can we promote balanced economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress, guard the baselines of resources, environment and ecology, the baseline of safeguarding and improving people's livelihood and the baseline of preventing systematic risks, and also can we correctly handle the relationship between reform, development and stability.  

Reform is the critical move that deciding the destiny of the contemporary China. Comprehensively deepening reform requires making progress while maintaining stability and properly handling the relationship between bold actions and stable paces, for reform in some important areas, we should not attempt to accomplish the whole task at one stroke, instead, we should go ahead steadily and surely in rapid yet stable paces. Correctly handling the relationship between reform, development and stability is an eternal theme in the socialist modernization drive. Reform is a powerful motive force in economic and social development, laying the solid foundation for the sustaining economic and social development and the lasting peace and stability of our country; development is of paramount importance, and the key to the solution of all problems in China lies in our own development; stability is the prerequisite for reform and development, and any reform and development is out of the question without a stable political and social environment. At present, to properly handle the relationship between reform, development and stability, it is imperative to well balance the dynamics of reform, the speed of development and the endurance of the society according to the general guideline of making progress while maintaining stability, continually improve the life of the people as an important combining point in handling the relationship between reform, development and stability, and realize the long-term political and social stability and the lasting political stability of the Party and the state in pushing forward reform and development.  

Making progress while maintaining stability is the deepened cognition of the laws of state governance  

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, on the basis of the complicated and changing international and domestic environment, has continually deepened the cognition of the laws of state governance, and formed a series of new vision, thinking, and strategies for China's governance. The important principle of making progress while maintaining stability is the further deepened cognition by our Party of the laws of state governance.  

The development of any country and nation has ups and downs, and is even full of zigzags. In early years after the founding of New China, we went a tortuous path in the practice and exploration of socialist construction, such as the eagerness to achieve a highly public owned ownership relation, a rapid growth rate in construction and fast progress in economic development. The failure to properly handle the relationship between stability and progress resulted in imbalanced ratio of national economy, destruction of productive force and great difficulties in the life of the people, which were profound lessons. During the reform and opening up, our Party summed up the governance experience and learned lessons in history, became good at grasping and applying the inherent law of economic and social development, correctly handled the relationship between reform, development and stability, adhered to making progress unswervingly without slackening or tossing about, and pushed the economic development in China onto a new stage in every period of several years. Now China has become the second largest economy in the world. It can be easily seen that these achievements attracting the world attention were obtained in a steady and down-to-earth way in continuous progress, with the purpose to make progress in stability, seek changes in progress, and realize innovation in changes. History and reality have also fully demonstrated that only by correctly handle the dialectic relationship between stability and progress can we develop the causes of the Party and the people in a more sustaining manner.  

To raise making progress while maintaining stability to the position of an important principle in state governance has demonstrated the strategic self-confidence and focus of the collective leadership of the CPC Central Committee. Our Party always pays attention to properly handle the relationship between reform, development and stability, to prevent significant ups and downs in economy and social shocks, and deepened the reform in fields of finance and taxation, banking, price, investment and financing and safeguarding of people's livelihood, having solved some outstanding contradictions that have long restricted the economic and social development. In China, the economic growth is maintained in a rational range, the quality and efficiency has kept on improving, the economic structure has been continually optimized, reform and opening up has made new breakthroughs, the living standard of the people has been further raised, the environmental quality has been improved, and the social situation is kept stable. These achievements are obtained by adhering to the important principle of making progress while maintaining stability in state governance, and it fully embodied the profound cognition and grasp by our Party of the laws of state governance. Practice has proved that the major judgment of the reform and development situation in China, the major decisions in various areas of reform and development and important readjustment in the ideas and methods of reform and development made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core in the important principle of making progress while maintaining stability in governance fully comply with the reality in China, and have obtained substantial results.  

To raise making progress while maintaining stability to the position of an important principle in state governance is the adherence, application and development of the Marxist philosophy. Making progress while maintaining stability has fully embodied the principle of unity of opposites of the Marxism. According to Marxist philosophy, contradictions are the essential contents in the relations of things and the fundamental motive force for things to develop. This requires people to grasp unity in opposites and grasp opposites in unity in the course of cognizing and reforming the world. Stability and progress are just a pair of contradiction. Stability is to maintain a state of relatively static, and progress is the development of things, and an absolute movement. Also, stability and progress is also in a relation of dialectic unity. It is difficult to make progress without stability, it is more stable with progress, stability is for better progress, and progress is for better stability, the two promote each other and benefit each other. We must never separate stability from progress, neither to be complacent, staying standstill without doing anything only for the sake of stability, nor to become impetuous only for the sake of progress, resulting in damage to the present and future generations. Today, the international and domestic economic and political situation has become more complicated and changing, with more and more challenges brought from uncertain factors. This requires us to grasp the relationship between stability and progress in a dialectic way, push forward every field of economy and society to achieve something in the prerequisite of “stability”, and take every step in a fast yet steady manner, so as to better realize the goal of “progress”.  

The important principle of making progress while maintaining stability should be carried out in the decisive battle for moderately prosperous society in all aspects and in realizing the Chinese Dream 

With the advancement and development of our cause, there will be more new issues and problems, and we will face more risks and challenges, including more unexpected things. At present, China is in the decisive phase of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects, the goal of the first century goal will soon be realized, and the second century goal has been set. We must keep calm as we approach the victory, apply the important principle of making progress while maintaining stability in the whole course in all areas of state governance, and in the whole course of the decisive phase of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects and in realizing the Chinese Dream. And we should avoid mistakes and detours in coping with and solving various complicated problems and challenges, enhance the new growth drivers for development, add more motive force in reform and create new advantages in competition.  

It requires making progress while maintaining stability to realize the moderately prosperous society in all aspects. In the decisive battle for moderately prosperous society in all aspects, we must never blindly pursue for high speed and only seek expansion of quantity without paying attention to quality. For the moderately prosperous society in all aspects, the key point is “all aspects” and the essence is “sharing”. A moderately prosperous society with unbalanced and unsustainable development and with outstanding contradictions between man and nature is not a moderately prosperous society in all aspects in the real sense. To complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects, we must grasp the general requirements of comprehensively deepening reform, and properly handle major relationship in comprehensively deepening reform; we must unswervingly take the road of rule of law with socialism with Chinese characteristics, to establish and refine the legal system with socialism with Chinese characteristics; and we must practice strict Party self-governance to forge our Party into a strong core of leadership in building a powerful socialist modernized country.  

It requires making progress while maintaining stability to realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. This will be a long and arduous course. We should deeply sum up the rich experience of our Party in state governance, actively meet challenge from international and domestic risks, apply the important principle of making progress while maintaining stability in the whole course of governance in all areas, make it the basic principle, method and adherence in doing all work, without blind rash advance or hesitation to move forward, neither afraid of trouble only for the sake of stability nor seeking quick success and instant benefits. Only when we always make progress in stability and strive for better progress can we realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on the basis of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects within the planned time frame and promptly starting the new course of socialist modernization drive.  

(Author entity: Shandong Academy of Social Sciences)


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