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Demonstrate the Self-Confidence of China in Peace, Opening-up and Sharing

Submit Time:26-06-2017 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Author:Ding Xiaoqin | Source:Guangming Daily

Abstract:

  Since 2013 when General Secretary Xi Jinping put forth the Belt and Road Initiative, abundant results have been achieved in pushing ahead this initiative “from concept to action and from vision to reality”. China has firmly pursued the Belt and Road Initiative as guided by the principle of peaceful development, win-win cooperation, opening up and conclusiveness, to achieve shared growth through collaboration, really a breath of fresh air in the “deglobalization” surge in economy. To trace the source and origin, the effective implementation, steady pursuance of the Belt and Road Initiative with the achievements at present have come from the powerful support from the self-confidence of China in the road taken, theory and institutional systems.

  The peaceful development of countries along the Road is the prerequisite for the smooth implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative. In history, China mounted on the world stage via the “Silk Road” with such great people as Zhang Qian, an envoy sent to the west with science and technology and cultural kindles, Xuan Zang going to India with a devoted belief and lofty aspiration, Jian Zhen going eastward to Japan to spread culture and civilization, and Zhen He sailing to the west seven times to carry on peace. The ancient China always adhered to the ideas of “peace is most precious” and “good-neighborliness and friendliness”, leaving many stories of peaceful mutual assistance in the history of diplomacy. The socialist New China combined the basic principle of Marxism with the reality of China, and adhered to the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It has scored a series of achievements attracting world attention after more than 60 years of hard work since its founding, now its economic volume has approached that of the United States and the European Union, producing daily increasing influence on the world economy, and also receiving more and more affirmation and praises from countries all over the world. As a big country in the world in rapid growth and merging into the global economic and social network, China cannot neglect its own influence on the outside world and feedback from other countries, and must hold firmly the confidence in the road taken and the determination of peaceful coexistence. The Belt and Road Initiative for peaceful construction is not only a powerful mark of China’s self-confidence in the road taken, but also provides solid background support to this self-confidence. Win-win cooperation is the basic requirement in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, and also the inevitable outcome of the peaceful implementation of this initiative. Peaceful win-win cooperation is real win-win cooperation, and peace in win-win cooperation is real peace. The spreading of materials, inherence of technologies, population flow and cultural merging on the ancient “Silk Road” were just the ancient examples of win-win cooperation in peace. For the Belt and Road Initiative today, the complementation of advantages, resources mutual assistance, reciprocal trade and capital interconnection on the basis of peace and friendship are the contemporary model of mutual benefit and win-win relationship in international diplomacy.

  The Belt and Road Initiative is pursued with opening-up as the guide, to solve the issue of economic growth and balance. By pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, the Chinese economy can be merged more deeply in the world, enabling China to actively participate in the supply of public products such as infrastructures for global interconnection, boost the cooperation in international production capacity and equipment manufacturing, “promote the orderly flow of production factors, high efficiency allocation of resources, and deep merging of market”. The Belt and Road Initiative, oriented by opening-up, is different from the so-called open economic system of the west. Instead, the opening-up in the Belt and Road Initiative will not plunder resources, produce poverty or output institutional system, and pay more attention to problems of “unbalanced development, harnessing predicament, digital divide and distribution gap”. At present, the above-mentioned problems faced by many developing countries are concentrated in the so-called “mid-income trap” dilemma. Western scholars state that that was because the own economic and political systems in developing countries are not westernized enough, therefore they produced prescriptions fully imitating those of the west, such as highly free market economy system, fully privatized ownership, and industrial structure readjustment dominated by western transnational companies. However, these “good prescriptions” cannot stand tests in practice, the practice in the Middle East and some Latin American countries further deepened the dilemma in these countries, and finally only monopoly capital gets benefit from them. The cause of such inapplicability is that the mainstream economy theory of the west neglected the exploitation imposed upon the developing countries under the unfair international economic order. The Belt and Road Initiative is featured with inclusive opening-up, so it can break step by step the technological control and monopoly of resources and channels by the minority international monopoly capital, increase the added-values of the large number of developing countries in the global value chain, avoid “low end locking” and “growth in poverty”, and help the countries along the lines step out of the “mid-income trap”; the Belt and Road Initiative of China seeks for joint development based on sincerity, instead of monopolizing benefits with hegemony, so no big resistance exists as long as the countries along the lines can view with their long-term interests; the countries along the lines will also defend the results achieved in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative for their common prosperity and development, and this is true essence of the inclusive and opening Belt and Road Initiative. The concept of inclusive opening-up in the Belt and Road Initiative embodies the international vision and responsibility undertaking of China as a big developing country, conducive not only to regional cooperation and joint development, but also to humanistic exchange, thus strengthening the mutual trust between countries and peace and stability of regions.

  Joint construction is the main means in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, and shared growth is the fundamental purpose of the Belt and Road Initiative. Since the proposing of the Belt and Road Initiative, the implementation of many projects has witnessed the joint construction results for the Belt and Road Initiative. Now the shared growth has given more sense of acquisition to the countries and peoples along the lines with the continual expansion and deepening of the Belt and Road Initiative through more effective institutional arrangement, increasing the motive force of development and enhancing the unity of the peoples to march towards common prosperity. The biggest difference between the Belt and Road Initiative of China and the international economic order dominated by the west is the “sharing” with the local peoples. The ideas of peace, win-win cooperation, opening-up, inclusion and shared growth with joint development highly agree with the new concept of “innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development” put forth by General Secretary Xi Jinping. And he pointed out in his key-note speech at the Belt and Road Forum that, “we should build the Belt and Road into a road of innovation”. The outbound investment in Belt and Road Initiative will go to intensive competition with developed countries, so only advanced production capacity, instead of backward production capacity can be exported, so that innovation drive and production capacity upgrading will promote each other; the coordinated development needs to increase the soft power of the nation while enhancing its hard power. The green development will not only push forward the construction of beautiful China, but also make new contribution to the global ecological safety, therefore the most stringent environmental protection system should be adopted. The Belt and Road Initiative and new concept of development benefit each other as an integrated mass, providing a powerful theoretical support to the development of China, and also strong theoretical self-confidence in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative.

  (Author entity: The College of Marxism of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics)


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