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Japan’s Surrender and the Acceptance Ceremony in China

Submit Time:22-10-2015 | Source: | Zoom In | Zoom Out

At noon on August 15, 1945, a radio broadcast was aired throughout Japan in which Japanese emperor Hirohito read the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War, officially announcing unconditional surrender.
On September 2, 1945, a ceremony for Japan’s surrender was held on board the USS Missouri anchored in Tokyo Bay. The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government and by Chief of the General Staff Yoshijirō Umezu on behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters. Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, signed the instrument, followed by the nine representatives of the Allied Powers that accepted the surrender: United States representative Admiral C. W. Nimitz, Chinese representative General Hsu Yung-Chang, United Kingdom representative Admiral Bruce Fraser, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics representative Lieutenant General Kuzma Derevyanko, and representatives of Australia, Canada, France, the Netherlands, and New Zealand.
With this, the thorough defeat of Japan’s militarism and final victory in the Global War against Fascism was officially proclaimed. September 3 was later established as the victory memorial day for the Chinese People’s War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression.
On September 9, 1945, the signing ceremony for the Japanese armed forces’ surrender in the China Theater was held at the ceremonial hall of the National Government’s Central Military Academy in Nanjing.
At 08:52, Ho Ying-chin, Commander-in-Chief of the Chinese Army and the special representative for the Supreme Commander of the China Theater Chiang Kai-shek, as well as Gu Zhutong, Commander-in-Chief of the 3rd War Zone, Xiao Yisu, Chief of Staff of the Chinese Army Headquarters, Chen Shaokuan, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, and Zhang Tingmeng, Commander of the 1st Air Force, entered the hall and were seated for the surrender acceptance ceremony.
Seven Japanese officers, including Yasuji Okamura, the Japanese representative for surrender in the China Theater and Commander-in-Chief of Japan’s China Expeditionary Army, followed by Asasaburo Kobayashi, Chief of Staff, Takeo Imai, Deputy Chief of Staff, Ryozo Fukuda, Commander-in-Chief of the China Area Fleet, and Haruki Isayama, Chief of Staff of Japan’s Taiwan Army, took off their caps and entered the hall.
At exactly 9am, Ho Ying-chin handed the Declaration of Japanese Surrender to Xiao Yisu who presented it to Okamura. After reading it, Okamura signed and stamped both copies of the Declaration and then gave them to Kobayashi to hand back to Ho Ying-chin. Ho Ying-chin then signed and stamped the Declaration, and with this, the surrender acceptance ceremony for the China Theater was over.
The China Theater accepted the surrender of one Japanese headquarters, three area armies, ten armies, 33 infantry divisions, one tank division, two air force divisions, and 41 independent mixed brigades, as well as guard division soldiers, garrison forces, and naval units; a total of more than 1.28 million Japanese soldiers.

The Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History was produced by the Communist Party of China Central Committee Project Office for the Study and Development of Marxist Theory to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and in the Global War against Fascism. The English version of this book was translated and published by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau in August 2015.

Focusing on the main areas of interest of the international community regarding the Chinese war of resistance, and in order to make information about the war more readily available, we have selected 30 topics on the basis of the book and presented them in question and answer form, providing concise explanations and sharing historical details rarely known by international audiences. The answers to these questions offer a vivid account of the Chinese people’s fourteen years of resistance against Japanese aggression between 1931 and 1945. This was a time during which the Chinese people made enormous sacrifices to secure victory in the war against Japanese aggression and help achieve victory in the global war against fascism. The Communist Party of China was the mainstay of the Chinese united resistance, and the Chinese Theater was the main Eastern battlefield in the global anti-fascist war. During this time, people from around the world also gave selfless support and assistance to the Chinese people’s war of resistance.