comments and feedback

How did China participate in the founding of the United Nations?

Submit Time:22-10-2015 | Source: | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Following the fundamental shift in the global war against fascism, the Allies began to give more and more thought to major issues such as consolidating the victory of the war and safeguarding postwar world peace and security. As a result, the establishment of a new international organization – the United Nations – gradually became part of the Allies’ agenda.
On October 30, 1943, China, the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union jointly signed the Declaration of the Four Nations on General Security. This was a key step toward the creation of the United Nations. According to the declaration, the four countries would establish a general international organization for the maintenance of international peace and security, and that before this organization was established, they would consult with one another with a view to joint action on behalf of the community of nations. As one of the four signatories of the declaration, China was intended to have an important place in this new organization.
To put into practice the Declaration of the Four Nations on General Security, between August and October 1944, delegates from China, the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union met at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, DC to jointly draft the organizational plan for the United Nations. From April to June 1945, these four nations jointly held the San Francisco Conference, where delegates from 50 countries in attendance discussed the formulation of the Charter of the United Nations. The Chinese delegation was headed by T. V. Soong and consisted of members of the KMT, the CPC, and other democratic parties as well as persons without party affiliation. Dong Biwu, a representative of the CPC, attended the conference as a member of the Chinese government delegation. During the conference, the Chinese delegation advocated for justice and equity, making important contributions to the success of the conference. For example, the Chinese delegation proposed that a new trusteeship system be established so that trust territories could develop toward independence and autonomy. This proposal was included in the Charter of the United Nations, and is a major contribution made by China to the global national liberation movement.
The Charter of the United Nations was finally adopted at the conference, and a ceremony was held for its signing. Dong Biwu and other Chinese delegates signed the charter. After ratification of the charter by China, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, the United States, and the majority of other signatory states, it came into effect on October 24, 1945. According to the charter, China was not only a founding member of the United Nations, but also one of the five permanent members of its Security Council.

The Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History was produced by the Communist Party of China Central Committee Project Office for the Study and Development of Marxist Theory to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and in the Global War against Fascism. The English version of this book was translated and published by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau in August 2015.

Focusing on the main areas of interest of the international community regarding the Chinese war of resistance, and in order to make information about the war more readily available, we have selected 30 topics on the basis of the book and presented them in question and answer form, providing concise explanations and sharing historical details rarely known by international audiences. The answers to these questions offer a vivid account of the Chinese people’s fourteen years of resistance against Japanese aggression between 1931 and 1945. This was a time during which the Chinese people made enormous sacrifices to secure victory in the war against Japanese aggression and help achieve victory in the global war against fascism. The Communist Party of China was the mainstay of the Chinese united resistance, and the Chinese Theater was the main Eastern battlefield in the global anti-fascist war. During this time, people from around the world also gave selfless support and assistance to the Chinese people’s war of resistance.