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How did China, the US, and Britain conduct strategic coordination during the Global War against Fascism?

Submit Time:22-10-2015 | Source: | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Although after the fall of 1943 the Axis had disintegrated and the Allies had seized the initiative, the armed forces of fascist Germany and Japan still fought on desperately. In late November, China, the United States, and Great Britain held a conference in Cairo to further strengthen cooperation, coordinate military operations, bring an end to the war against fascism as soon as possible, and exchange opinions on postwar reconstruction and other major issues. This was the only conference of heads of state of the Allies that China attended during World War II.
At the conference the participants focused on military and political issues. In addition to attending plenary meetings, Chiang Kai-shek held several talks with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and US President Franklin Roosevelt on behalf of the Chinese government. Militarily, the Chinese, US, and British heads of state agreed that their countries should fight together against Japan until it surrendered unconditionally. On specific plans for operations, the three countries focused on discussing the counter-offensive in Burma. Politically, they concentrated on issues related to postwar China, and dealing with Japan, the oppressed nations in Asia, and the establishment of a new international organization. Finally, the three leaders jointly signed the Cairo Declaration.
The declaration was officially published on December 1, 1943. It stated that the Three Great Allies were fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. “It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of World War I in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as northeast China, Taiwan, and the Penghu Islands, shall be restored to the Republic of China. Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed... The three Allies will continue to persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan.”
The Cairo Declaration’s recognition of Taiwan and other places as Chinese territories, as well as its affirmation of the need to carry on the war until the unconditional surrender of Japan, was a great source of encouragement to civilians and soldiers in China and other Asian countries fighting against the Japanese. The Declaration would also become an important legal basis for handling postwar issues in Japan.

The Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History was produced by the Communist Party of China Central Committee Project Office for the Study and Development of Marxist Theory to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and in the Global War against Fascism. The English version of this book was translated and published by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau in August 2015.

Focusing on the main areas of interest of the international community regarding the Chinese war of resistance, and in order to make information about the war more readily available, we have selected 30 topics on the basis of the book and presented them in question and answer form, providing concise explanations and sharing historical details rarely known by international audiences. The answers to these questions offer a vivid account of the Chinese people’s fourteen years of resistance against Japanese aggression between 1931 and 1945. This was a time during which the Chinese people made enormous sacrifices to secure victory in the war against Japanese aggression and help achieve victory in the global war against fascism. The Communist Party of China was the mainstay of the Chinese united resistance, and the Chinese Theater was the main Eastern battlefield in the global anti-fascist war. During this time, people from around the world also gave selfless support and assistance to the Chinese people’s war of resistance.