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How did the KMT direct war efforts in the resistance?

Submit Time:22-10-2015 | Source: | Zoom In | Zoom Out

After the July 7th Incident, the KMT authorities formulated plans for guiding the war effort. On August 20, the National Government issued a plan of guidance for the war, deciding on the adoption of a strategy of sustained attrition in what would be a protracted war of resistance.
The KMT regarded sustained attrition as the ultimate strategy. The basic idea was that “by making use of China’s enormous manpower and vast land, we should choose to fight a protracted war of attrition, on the one hand wearing down the enemy, and on the other, building up China’s own strength. We should wait for the right opportunity to launch an offensive to destroy the enemy and secure victory.”
The main substance of the strategy included:
i)putting into action the notion of “trading space for time,” which was argued to be the essence of the strategy of sustained attrition;
ii)putting into effect the principle that “the purpose of attrition warfare is to constantly maintain the fighting capacity of our own armed forces while at the same time wearing down the enemy’s strength as much as possible so that our own forces can resist the enemy for a long time”;
iii)and employing a firm defense on the interior line with dispersed forces defending all important positions on the understanding that because the strengths of the Japanese forces lay in its aircraft, artillery, and tanks while that of the Chinese forces was in their deep trenches, high fortresses, and thick walls, the way to win in resistance was to “firmly defend positions and never retreat,” and “deploy forces on all lines and defend all positions.”
At the same time, the strategy also incorporated relying on intervention by a third country and international diplomacy to curb Japanese aggression.

The Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History was produced by the Communist Party of China Central Committee Project Office for the Study and Development of Marxist Theory to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and in the Global War against Fascism. The English version of this book was translated and published by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau in August 2015.

Focusing on the main areas of interest of the international community regarding the Chinese war of resistance, and in order to make information about the war more readily available, we have selected 30 topics on the basis of the book and presented them in question and answer form, providing concise explanations and sharing historical details rarely known by international audiences. The answers to these questions offer a vivid account of the Chinese people’s fourteen years of resistance against Japanese aggression between 1931 and 1945. This was a time during which the Chinese people made enormous sacrifices to secure victory in the war against Japanese aggression and help achieve victory in the global war against fascism. The Communist Party of China was the mainstay of the Chinese united resistance, and the Chinese Theater was the main Eastern battlefield in the global anti-fascist war. During this time, people from around the world also gave selfless support and assistance to the Chinese people’s war of resistance.