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What marked the beginning of the Chinese nationwide resistance?

Submit Time:22-10-2015 | Source: | Zoom In | Zoom Out

The July 7th Incident (also known as the “Lugou” or “Marco Polo” Bridge Incident) marked the beginning of the nationwide resistance.
In February 1936, following the formal establishment of a fascist regime in Japan, the war of aggression against China began to pick up pace.
On the night of July 7, 1937, a unit of the Japanese China Garrison Army at Fengtai, Beiping (the name used at the time for Beijing), staged a provocative maneuver near the Lugou Bridge. Around midnight, the Japanese demanded entry to the town of Wanping to search for one of their soldiers whom they claimed to have gone missing during the maneuver. After the Chinese side rejected their demand, the Japanese launched an attack on the defending Chinese troops and bombarded the town. This incident marked the start of Japan’s full-scale war of aggression against China. A unit of the Chinese 29th Army, charged with the defense of Wanping, was forced to fight back in a struggle that was to mark the beginning of China’s nationwide War of Resistance.

The Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History was produced by the Communist Party of China Central Committee Project Office for the Study and Development of Marxist Theory to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and in the Global War against Fascism. The English version of this book was translated and published by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau in August 2015.

Focusing on the main areas of interest of the international community regarding the Chinese war of resistance, and in order to make information about the war more readily available, we have selected 30 topics on the basis of the book and presented them in question and answer form, providing concise explanations and sharing historical details rarely known by international audiences. The answers to these questions offer a vivid account of the Chinese people’s fourteen years of resistance against Japanese aggression between 1931 and 1945. This was a time during which the Chinese people made enormous sacrifices to secure victory in the war against Japanese aggression and help achieve victory in the global war against fascism. The Communist Party of China was the mainstay of the Chinese united resistance, and the Chinese Theater was the main Eastern battlefield in the global anti-fascist war. During this time, people from around the world also gave selfless support and assistance to the Chinese people’s war of resistance.