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Why is the War of Resistance a national turning point from decline to rejuvenation?

Submit Time:22-10-2015 | Source: | Zoom In | Zoom Out

Looking back on the humiliation and tragedy that spanned almost a century of modern Chinese history starting from the Opium War of 1840–1842, it is difficult to name any world power that did not participate in invasion and plunder in China. In spite of efforts by the Chinese time and again to resist this aggression, not a single war ended without China suffering defeat. But the War of Resistance was to be a different story. The Chinese people came together, creating a great nationwide force for resistance against Japanese aggression and eventually securing complete victory for the first time in China’s modern history in a war for national liberation.
The War of Resistance awakened and united the Chinese nation. It gave rise to the tremendous enthusiasm of all Chinese people for united resistance against foreign aggression, while at the same time demonstrating a noble spirit of resistance fueled by a strong sense of patriotism. The national awakening and unity witnessed during the War of Resistance was stronger and more extensive than in any other struggle waged by the Chinese people in their modern history, and ultimately determined the evolution and outcome of the war. China’s victory in the war recast it from the subordinate position it had been in since the beginning of its modern history when it faced intimidation by imperialist powers. The victory encouraged the Chinese people to recover from the dark chasm of historic adversity and regain their national dignity and confidence. The awakening and unity of the Chinese nation serves as a source of inexhaustible motivation for national rejuvenation and remains an invaluable legacy of the Chinese nation.
The War of Resistance changed China’s destiny. From the Opium War of 1840 to the eve of the War of Resistance, China was little more than an object for colonialism on the world stage. The War of Resistance presented a historic opportunity for winning independence and liberation for the Chinese nation. With the great contribution the War of Resistance made to the Global War against Fascism, China regained respect from the international community, improved its international standing, and reestablished its position as a major country on the world stage.
The War of Resistance promoted the historic process of China’s new-democratic revolution. This was not only a national war for independence and liberation but also a process of profound social transformation for democracy and progress. For the Chinese Communists, represented by Mao Zedong, the primary consideration was the fundamental interests of the Chinese people. They mobilized, organized, and armed the people, and followed the line of complete resistance by the whole nation, gaining the support of the public, the democratic parties, and patriots without party affiliation. Following the War of Resistance, significant changes took place in the balance of political power in Chinese society. A political foundation was developed and staunch popular support was won for establishing New China and achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

The Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression: A Concise History was produced by the Communist Party of China Central Committee Project Office for the Study and Development of Marxist Theory to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and in the Global War against Fascism. The English version of this book was translated and published by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau in August 2015.

Focusing on the main areas of interest of the international community regarding the Chinese war of resistance, and in order to make information about the war more readily available, we have selected 30 topics on the basis of the book and presented them in question and answer form, providing concise explanations and sharing historical details rarely known by international audiences. The answers to these questions offer a vivid account of the Chinese people’s fourteen years of resistance against Japanese aggression between 1931 and 1945. This was a time during which the Chinese people made enormous sacrifices to secure victory in the war against Japanese aggression and help achieve victory in the global war against fascism. The Communist Party of China was the mainstay of the Chinese united resistance, and the Chinese Theater was the main Eastern battlefield in the global anti-fascist war. During this time, people from around the world also gave selfless support and assistance to the Chinese people’s war of resistance.