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Hou Rui, senior statistician of NBS Department of Rural Surveys, interpreting

The production of 2015 early season rice

Submit Time:24-09-2015 | Zoom In | Zoom Out

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Abstract:

The sown area somewhat decreased while the yield per unit area increased slightly
August 21

The production data of early season rice issued by National Bureau of Statistics today show that the output of early season rice nationwide in 2015 amounted to 33.691 million tons, a decrease of 0.9% or 320,000 tons as compared to that in 2014. The sown area of early season rice was 5715,400 hectares, dropping by 1.4% or 79,500 hectares less than that in 2014; the yield per unit area of early season rice was 5894.8 kg/ha, growing by 0.4% or 25.6 kg/ha as compared to that in 2014.

The sown area of early season rice somewhat decreased. On the one hand, droughts occurred in some regions in the transplanting phase of early season rice and thus affected the rice cultivation; on the other hand, the cultivation of early season rice is less desirable for low comparative benefits and high labor intensity so that some farmers replaced double-cropping rice with single-cropping rice. Due to the reduction of sown area in 2015, the output of early season rice nationwide saw a decrease of 467,000 tons.

The yield per unit area of early season rice increased slightly. First, the overall agro-meteorological conditions were better in most areas. Although some regions saw low temperature, droughts and floods during the planting period of early season rice, the overall agro-meteorological conditions were better. Especially during the key growing phase, the less impact was caused by the high temperature damage and no violent typhoon was observed in most major producing provinces, hence favor conditions for grain filling, ripening and harvesting in time. Second, local governments continued with a series of supportive measures including unified breeding, centralized sprout cultivation, and professional prevention and control of plant diseases and insect pests, which powerfully ensured the stability and increase of the yield per unit area of early season rice. The higher yield per unit area in 2015 has resulted in the increase of the output of early season rice nationwide by 146,000 tons.


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